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Headword: Amphoreaphorous
Adler number: alpha,1785
Translated headword: amphora-bearers, amphora-carriers
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] hirelings who carry jars. Also [sc. attested is the singular] amphoreaphoros, he who carries a jar for hire. "Then some amphora-bearer bringing a return." [So says] Menander in The Girl Who Gets Flogged.[1] And Aristophanes in Heroes [says]: "run inside for the wine, taking an empty amphora, and food and a tasting-cup, and then hire yourself out as an amphora-bearer."[2] Eupolis in Catamite [writes]: "and we go about and [he is] carrying a tribe [as] amphora."[3]
An amphoreus, then, [is a] vessel, measure, jar.
It also means wine-skin. And it is a proper name.[4]
Also [sc. attested is the plural] amphoreis, [meaning] jars.
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] "little Thasian amphoras", [meaning] jugs.[5]
Josephus [writes]: "he bought up with a Tyrian coin, which is worth four Attic [drachmas], four amphoras, and then sold [them] for the price of half an amphora and made a lot of money."[6]
And Aristophanes says amphoreis [when he means] the measures. "Little pots and small trenchers, and little amphoras".[7]
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] a)mforei=s nenhsme/noi, [meaning] jars heaped up. Aristophanes [writes]: "why do you good-for-nothings sit there like sheep,... heaped-up amphoras."[8]
Also [sc. attested are the terms] a)mforh=as and a)mforei/dia [meaning] jars.
[Note] that a)mforh=as is a Megarian way of speaking.
Greek Original:
Amphoreaphorous: tous misthious tous ta keramia pherontas. kai Amphoreaphoros, ho keramia misthou pherôn. eit' amphoreaphoros tis apophoran pherôn. Menandros Rhapizomenêi. kai Aristophanês Hêrôsi: trech' eis ton oinon, amphorea kenon labôn, ton endothen kai geuma kai geustêrion, kapeita misthou sauton amphoreaphorein. Eupolis Marikai: kai periêlthomen kai phulon amphorea pherôn. Amphoreus oun angeion, metron, keramion. sêmainei kai askon. esti kai onoma kurion. kai Amphoreis, keramoi. kai Thasia amphoreidia, ta keramia. Iôsêpos: sunônoumenos de tou Turiou nomismatos, ho tessaras Attikas dunatai, tessaras amphoreis, epipraske timês hêmiamphorion kai plêthos sunêge chrêmatôn. kai Aristophanês Amphoreis legei ta metra. chutridia kai sanidia, kamphoreidia. kai Amphoreis nenêsmenoi, keramoi sesôreumenoi. Aristophanês: ti kathêsth' abelteroi probat' allôs, amphoreis nenêsmenoi. kai Amphorêas kai Amphoreidia ta keramia. hoti amphorêas legei ta Megarika.
The primary headword, in the accusative plural, is a contextless word quoted from Aristophanes (fr. 45 Kock and K.-A).
[1] Menander fr. 431 Kock, 364 K.-Th., 326 K.-A. On "return", apophora, see LSJ s.v.
[2] Aristophanes fr. 299 Kock, now 310 K.-A.
[3] Eupolis fr. 187 Kock, now 200 K.-A.-- here textually garbled.
[4] Not independently attested in Athens: see LGPN vol.2 (Attica).
[5] From Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae 1119; again at mu 581.
[6] Josephus, Jewish War 2.592.
[7] Aristophanes, Peace 202 (web address 1).
[8] Aristophanes, Clouds 1201-3, abridged (see web address 2); again at nu 179.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; food; geography; historiography; history
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 14 August 2000@23:23:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes; added keywords; cosmetics) on 5 March 2001@05:04:23.
David Whitehead (restorative cosmetics) on 28 July 2002@07:04:08.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 27 November 2005@09:41:12.
Catharine Roth (added new note and cross-reference, streamlined links) on 26 May 2009@11:17:47.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; betacoding and other cosmetics) on 27 May 2009@03:24:20.
David Whitehead on 22 February 2012@03:48:50.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 5 March 2012@00:34:18.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes) on 7 October 2013@00:25:47.
David Whitehead on 22 December 2014@07:36:13.
David Whitehead on 23 December 2014@08:54:26.
David Whitehead on 24 December 2014@04:42:55.
David Whitehead on 3 January 2015@09:33:12.


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