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Headword: Ainos
Adler number: alphaiota,230
Translated headword: tale, story
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning a] proverbial story. Or [intended as] praise, and encomium. There is a certain tale: how a man and not a man[1] killed me, a bird and not a bird, but just the same a bird, while sitting on a branch and not a branch, with a stone and not a stone. [The answers are] eunuch, bat,[2] reed, pumice.[3]
An ai)=nos differs from a mu=qos in that the former is directed not at children but at adults, and not only for persuasion, but also [meant] to have a certain exhortation. For [ai)=nos] means in a cryptic way to instruct and teach something, just as Hesiod seems to have done in his poetry.[4]
A dread individual is [called] ai)no/s with an acute accent.
Also [sc. attested is] ai)=nos,[5] [meaning] praise, hymn, glory.
Greek Original:
Ainos: logos paroimiôdês. ê epainos, kai enkômion. ainos tis estin: hôs anêr te kai ouk anêr, ornitha kouk ornitha, ornitha d' homôs, epi xulou me kou xulou kathêmenên, lithôi te kou lithôi me balôn diôlesen. eunouchos, nukteris, narthêx, kissêris. ainos diapherei muthou tôi ton ainon mê pros paidas, alla pros andras pepoiêsthai kai mê pros psuchagôgian monon, alla kai parainesin echein tina. bouletai gar epikruptomenos parainein ti kai didaskein: hoper kai Hêsiodos phainetai pepoiêkôs. Ainos de oxutonôs ho deinos anthrôpos. kai Ainos, epainos, humnos, doxa.
[1] Thus far in Photius and other lexica.
[2] cf. nu 578.
[3] From Clearchus (kappa 1714), On Riddles: see Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 10.452C-D (10.76 Kaibel).
[4] Julian, Oration 7, 202A-B; again at mu 1389. For Hesiod see Works and Days 202-12, the tale of the hawk and the nightingale.
[5] Accented as in the headword; thus this coda is semi-repetitious.
Keywords: children; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; mythology; poetry; proverbs; rhetoric; zoology
Translated by: Ross Scaife ✝ on 7 October 2002@20:17:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 8 October 2002@03:49:44.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 16 November 2005@08:06:13.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 15 May 2012@06:13:18.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 16 May 2012@00:20:13.
David Whitehead (expanded a ref) on 14 January 2015@09:03:19.
David Whitehead (another note; tweaking) on 28 November 2015@07:33:19.


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