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Headword: Xenikos
Adler number: xi,34
Translated headword: alien
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] strange, foreign.
"When he saw an alien image and a non-native sacrifice, he behaved insultingly [literally: drunkenly] towards the object of honor."[1]
"Alien mercenaries are generally quite useful during wars."[2]
The Athenians, unwilling to fight on their own against the Corinthians because of the risk, hired foreigners [xenoi] for the war and paid them. They used to do this in many of their wars, and they called it a xenikon.[3]
Greek Original:
Xenikos: ho xenos, ho allotrios. hôs eiden agalma xenikon kai hierourgian ouk epichôrion eis to timômenon parôinêsen. hoi xenikoi misthophoroi toparapan eiôthasi chrêsimeuein en polemois. hoti hoi Athênaioi, mê boulomenoi di' heautôn polemein pros Korinthious dia ton kindunon, misthoumenoi xenous eis ton polemon etrephon autous. touto de en pollois tôn polemôn dieprattonto: hoper xenikon ekaloun.
[1] Aelian fr. 39b Domingo-Forasté (36 Hercher) (on the irreligious behaviour of the Persian King Artaxerxes Ochus in Egypt; cf. alpha 3201, omega 284).
[2] Quotation unidentifiable.
[3] See already xi 33. This material comes from the scholia on Aristophanes, Plutus [Wealth] 173, cited there.
Keywords: art history; biography; comedy; definition; economics; ethics; food; history; military affairs; religion
Translated by: James L. P. Butrica ✝ on 16 February 2000@14:08:40.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (supplied headword; added notes and keywords) on 23 May 2001@10:04:09.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 22 May 2002@20:41:49.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; augmented notes and keywords; raised status) on 28 August 2007@09:37:21.
Catharine Roth (updated reference, added cross-reference) on 17 April 2011@19:20:53.
Catharine Roth (restorative cosmetics) on 1 April 2012@01:16:51.
David Whitehead (another keyword; adjustments) on 18 June 2013@09:14:29.


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