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Headword: Aphetai
Adler number: alpha,4591
Translated headword: Aphetai, Aphetae
Vetting Status: high
A place in Athens[1] where the expedition of Xerxes had its first setback because of the unsuitability of the harbors. For this reason they consider Boreas[2] to be an ally of the Athenians. The god[3] had prophesied that they should sacrifice to their kinsman[4] wind; he is called kinsman because of Oreithyia.
Greek Original:
Aphetai: topos Athênêsin, entha ho stolos Xerxou to prôton edustuchêse dia limenôn anepitêdeiotêta. hothen ton Borean Athênaiôn summachon einai nomizousi. chrêsas d' ên ho theos kai anemôi sungenei thuein, einai de sungenês legetai dia tên Ôreithuian.
Same entry in ps.-Zonaras.
[1] Incorrect. Our primary source on the episode in question here (Herodotus 7.188ff.) makes it clear that Aphetai is far to the north of Attica, in Thessaly; see also Strabo 9.5.15 & 18. Perhaps just inside the Gulf of Pagasai, or (as, speculatively, in the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World map 55 grid E2) just outside it, near Olizon.
[2] The north wind; cf. beta 390.
[3] Apollo of Delphi.
[4] In Herodotus, more precisely, son-in-law (since Boreas had married an Athenian woman, Oreithyia, about to be mentioned).
Keywords: aetiology; definition; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; mythology; religion
Translated by: William Hutton on 20 November 2000@23:42:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes) on 19 March 2001@11:13:57.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaking) on 7 May 2012@05:05:32.


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