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Headword: Asphadastôi
Adler number: alpha,4293
Translated headword: unconvulsive
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] without struggling, not having spasms. Meaning briefly. So that when an opportune blow has come along there should be neither spasm nor much time spent in dying. For sfada/zein ["to convulse"] is used [for] both spa=sqai and sfakeli/zein ["to have spasms"]. Sophocles [writes]: "[I call on] Hermes the Underworld guide to put me to sleep with a quick and unconvulsive leap, when I tear apart my sides with this sword." The story has been transmitted that Ajax was invulnerable in the rest of his body and vulnerable only in his armpit, because of the lionskin of Heracles covering [him] leaving this part uncovered, on account of its being around his quiver there.[1]
Greek Original:
Asphadastôi: askaristôi, spasmon mê echonti. anti tou suntomôs. hopôs kairias plêgês genomenês mê prosgenesthai spasmon mêde pollên en tôi thanatôi diatribên. sphadazein legetai to spasthai kai sphakelizein. Sophoklês: pompaion Hermên chthonion, eu me koimisai xun asphadastôi kai tachei pêdêmati, pleuran diarrêxanta tôide phasganôi. paradedomenon de kath' historian, hoti kata to allo sôma atrôtos ên ho Aias, kata de tên maschalên monên trôtos dia to têi Hêrakleous leontêi skepasanta touto to meros askepaston easai, dia to perikeisthai ekeise ton gôruton.
The headword adjective, dative singular, is extracted from the quotation given.
cf. sigma 1706.
[1] Sophocles, Ajax 832-4 (web address 1 below), with comment from the scholia there. See also alpha 4393.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: clothing; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; medicine; mythology; religion; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 14 March 2002@21:49:39.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 26 August 2002@08:57:15.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; betacode and other cosmetics) on 26 April 2012@07:06:00.
David Whitehead (x-ref) on 24 January 2014@09:30:45.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 22 December 2014@07:33:29.
David Whitehead on 2 September 2015@04:37:20.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 6 December 2015@01:20:35.


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