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Headword: Aguiai
Adler number: alpha,383
Translated headword: highways
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] streets, alleys, or long roads; [sc. so called] from their not having limbs and offshoots and bends.[1] But streets [amphoda] have exits from each side and differ in this respect.
Some give aguias [i.e. the accusative plural form] an acute accent, treating it as feminine like ta\s o(dou/s; but better to use the circumflex, as if from [contracted, and masculine] agui-e-as. But a)guieu/s, ending in an acute, is a pillar set up in front of the doors. Some say these pillars belong to Apollo, some to Dionysus, some to both. So the complete form is a)guieu/s, and the accusative [sc. plural] a)guie/as, contracted to a)guia=s. It is characteristically Doric. But there might be some Attic speakers saying aguieis for the altars in front of the house, as Sophocles says when transferring Athenian customs to Troy: "the altar by the door gleams, smoky with fire and drops of myrrh and barbarian perfumes."[2]
Also [sc. attested is] Aguieus, the pointed pillar by courtyard doors, sacred to Apollo, or the god himself. Pherecrates in Krapataloi [writes]: "o master Aguieus, remember me in these matters."[3]
Greek Original:
Aguiai: amphoda, rhumai, ê epimêkeis hodoi: para gar to mê echein pôs guia kai melê kai kampseis. ta de amphoda echousin hekaterôthen diexodous kai tautêi diapherousin. Aguias de enioi men oxunousi thêlukôs chrômenoi, hoion tas hodous: beltion de perispan, hôs apo tou aguieas. aguieus de esti kiôn eis oxu lêgôn, hon histasi pro tôn thurôn. idious de phasin autous einai Apollônos, hoi de Dionusou, hoi de amphoin. estin oun to holoklêron aguieus, kai tên aitiatikên aguieas, en sunaloiphêi de aguias. esti de idion Dôrieôn. eien d' an hoi para tois Attikois legomenoi aguieis hoi pro tôn oikiôn bômoi, hôs Sophoklês metagôn ta Athênaiôn ethê eis Troian phêsi: lampei d' aguieus bômos atmizôn puri smurnês stalagmous, barbarous euosmias. kai Aguieus, ho pro tôn auleiôn thurôn kônoeidês kiôn, hieros Apollônos, kai autos theos. Pherekratês Krapatalois: ô despota Aguieu, tauta su memnêso mou.
This composite entry combines two from Photius (Lexicon alpha275 and 279) with, in between them, material from Harpokration s.v. a)guia=s (7.7ff. Dindorf, A22 Keaney), commenting in the first instance on Demosthenes 21.51.
See also alpha 382.
[1] Literally, they have no limbs, as if aguia was from guia, meaning limbs. In fact it is probably derived from a)/gw, lead.
[2] Sophocles fr. 341 Nauck (= 370 Radt), from the Laocoon.
[3] Pherecrates fr. 87 Kock, now 92 K.-A.
Aristophanes, Wasps, edited with introduction and commentary by Douglas M. MacDowell (Oxford 1971) 247-8
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Anne Mahoney on 27 March 1999@17:56:51.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 16 July 2001@11:08:40.
David Whitehead (added bibliography) on 17 July 2001@02:58:25.
Robert Dyer (Added refs to Photius, Harpocration) on 19 January 2003@11:50:56.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 20 July 2011@04:50:59.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 24 December 2014@10:53:09.


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