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Headword: *ci/ris
Adler number: xi,69
Translated headword: xiris, xyris, gladwyn, gladdon, Iris foetidissima
Vetting Status: high
A kind of aromatic plant.
Greek Original:
*ci/ris: ei)=dos futou= a)rwmatikou=.
Xiris is used in Theophrastus, Enquiry into Plants 9.8.7 but more often the word appears as curi/s: Dioscurides 4.22; Pliny, Natural History 21.143; Galen 12.87. It probably refers to the gladwyn or gladdon, Iris foetidissima (the leaves smell pungent when crushed); formerly used as a purgative.
Keywords: botany; definition; medicine
Translated by: James L. P. Butrica ✝ on 15 February 2000@12:49:20.
Vetted by:
Ross Scaife ✝ (added note submitted by Carl Widstrand) on 19 February 2000@13:57:16.
William Hutton (Added headwords, set status to high) on 20 February 2000@15:38:35.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 4 January 2005@09:28:20.
David Whitehead (expanded note) on 19 June 2013@04:06:11.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 13 July 2013@17:53:50.
Catharine Roth (tweak) on 26 November 2014@00:22:19.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 12 December 2020@22:55:39.


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