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Headword: *trapei/omen
Adler number: tau,911
Translated headword: let us turn
Vetting Status: high
The barytone form [is] tra/pw ["I may turn"].[1] "Whither should I turn and who should I become?". [Spelled] with an omega.[2]
Also [sc. attested is] tra/ph|s ["you may turn"], second aorist subjunctive.[3]
Greek Original:
*trapei/omen: to\ baru/tonon tra/pw. poi= de\ tra/pwmai kai\ ti/s ge/nwmai; dia\ tou= w mega/lou. kai\ *tra/ph|s, au)qupo/takton.
The headword is an epic short-vowel subjunctive, apparently from the aorist passive of tre/pw, quoted here from Homer, Odyssey 8.292 (web address 1). The lexicographer, however, seems to be positing a present indicative tra/pw. In other instances, as at Iliad 3.441 and 14.314, the headword form seems to be related to te/rpw "take pleasure" (aorist e)/trapon) and indeed Hesychius glosses it with terfqw=men, aorist passive subjunctive of te/rpw.
[1] First person singular, aorist active subjunctive, of tre/pw. when a verb is called "barytone," the meaning is that it is not a contract verb, so it is not accented on the last syllable.
[2] The question poi= tra/pwmai; (with aorist middle subjunctive) occurs several times in Euripides and elsewhere, but the closest parallel to the quotation here is in Libanius, Declamation 51.1.19: ti/s ge/nwmai; poi= tra/pwmai; "Who should I become? Whither should I turn?"
[3] Second person singular, aorist active subjunctive, presumably quoted from somewhere.
P. Chantraine, Grammaire homérique (Paris 1973) vol. I p. 400 (§191)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; rhetoric; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 14 March 2012@00:44:27.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 March 2012@04:30:19.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 14 March 2012@16:59:00.
Catharine Roth (expanded note 1) on 15 March 2012@01:10:52.
Catharine Roth (added bibliography) on 15 March 2012@11:32:20.
David Whitehead on 15 January 2014@04:33:58.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation and note) on 17 January 2016@01:15:35.


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