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Headword: *tou\s xwri\s oi)kou=ntas
Adler number: tau,839
Translated headword: those living apart
Vetting Status: high
Demosthenes in [the] Philippics [writes]: "and after this it was resolved to send on board the metics and those living apart from their masters".[1] Not but what it would be clear even without the addition[2] what this information is, that freedmen lived by themselves, separately from those who had freed [them], but lived with them while they were still slaves.
Greek Original:
*tou\s xwri\s oi)kou=ntas: *dhmosqe/nhs *filippikoi=s: kai\ meta\ tau=ta e)mbai/nein tou\s metoi/kous e)/doce kai\ tou\s xwri\s oi)kou=ntas tw=n despotw=n. ou) mh\n a)lla\ kai\ xwri\s tou= prokei=sqai fanero\n a)\n ei)/h to\ dhlou/menon, o(/ti oi( a)peleu/qeroi kaq' e(autou\s w)/|koun xwri\s tw=n a)peleuqerwsa/ntwn, e)n de\ tw=| te/ws douleu/ontes e)/ti sunw/|koun.
= Harpokration (and Photius) s.v.
The headword phrase, from the primary source, is in the accusative plural.
[1] Demosthenes 4.36 (web address 1).
[2] Of the phrase "from their masters". The addition appears, in fact, is regarded by modern editors as an instrive gloss on the original text (the headword-phrase). Without it, the identity of "those living apart" is a controversial matter, despite Harpokration's certainty here. Perhaps freedmen; perhaps a superior type of slave. For a recent discussion (and a new hypothesis: that they are not part of Athens' internal social structure at all, but mercenaries) see Sosin 2015.
J.D. Sosin, '"Those who live apart" were mercenaries', Historia 64 (2015) 413-418
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; history; law; military affairs; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 21 December 2000@07:22:18.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, link, status) on 4 November 2004@00:02:04.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 4 November 2004@03:06:30.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 3 August 2006@08:48:56.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; tweaks) on 14 July 2011@04:56:04.
David Whitehead (expanded n.2, with bibliography) on 4 October 2015@09:54:54.


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