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Headword: *timwrei=n
Adler number: tau,635
Translated headword: to exact vengence, to avenge
Vetting Status: high
Meaning to succour.[1]
Also [sc. attested is] timwro/s, [meaning] the avenger.
"But they supposed that he had come as an avenger of Aetius' murder."[2]
Greek Original:
*timwrei=n: a)nti\ tou= bohqei=n. kai\ *timwro/s, o( e)kdikhth/s. oi( de\ w)/|onto au)to\n timwro\n a)fi=xqai tou= *)aeti/ou fo/nou.
The headword is the present active infinitive of the verb timwre/w, presumably extracted from a literary source, but, if so, not from the quotation given, where a form of the related noun that serves as the secondary lemma occurs.
For other forms of the same verb see tau 636 and tau 637.
[1] = Photius sigma312 Theodoridis; cf. a scholion on Plato, Laws 10.907E, which like the present gloss is possibly related to Herennius Philo, On different meanings of words tau175. a)nti\ tou=, ("meaning") is lacking, Adler reports, in ms A.
[2] According to Adler, Gaisford said that Valckenaer attributed this quotation to Aelian, but Bernhardy recognized that Valckenaer was referring to tau 636 and assigned this quotation verisimilius ("more probably") to Priscus. Bornmann makes it fr. 63 of Priscus. Since the subject-matter here most probably pertains to the assassination of Flavius Aetius (cf. n.3 below), timwro/s might be a tacit reference to Petronius Maximus, who is reported by John of Antioch (fr.201.4-5 FHG, now 293.1-2 Roberto) to have taken revenge upon the emperor Valentinian III when Valentinian refused to appoint him to Aetius' position of patrician. For more information regarding this episode, see the Bibliography below.
[3] Adler reports that *)aeti/ou is a later copyist's addition in ms A. For another reference to "the murder of Aetius" (to\n fo/non *)aeti/ou), see theta 389, especially n. 3.
Gordon, C.D. The Age of Attila: Fifth-Century Byzantium and the Barbarians. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1960
Mathisen, Ralph W. "Petronius Maximus." De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors. See web address 1
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; law; military affairs; politics
Translated by: Joseph Carter on 16 April 2014@11:58:03.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (modified translation and notes) on 16 April 2014@19:28:19.
William Hutton (cosmetics, augmented notes, added keywords, set status) on 17 April 2014@08:39:55.
Catharine Roth (added link) on 17 April 2014@16:38:56.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics; raised status) on 21 April 2014@04:26:36.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 January 2015@05:04:48.


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