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Headword: *tetrume/non
Adler number: tau,416
Translated headword: exhausted
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] worn-out.[1] "Alkon did not lead the working ox, exhausted with the furrow and old age, to the murderous cleaver, being ashamed of the deeds."[2]
Greek Original:
*tetrume/non: katapeponhme/non. au)/laki kai\ gh/ra| tetrume/non e)rgati/nhn bou=n *)/alkwn ou) foni/hn h)/gage pro\s kopi/da, ai)desqei\s e)/rgwn.
cf. tau 418.
[1] Same gloss (with others) in Hesychius tau658. The headword is perfect middle/passive participle of tru/w, masculine accusative singular or neuter nominative/accusative singular; masculine if, as is possible (though not demonstrable) it is extracted from the quotation given.
[2] Greek Anthology 6.228.1-3 (Adaeus the Macedonian), quoted already at kappa 2057. On this epigram, in which Alkon retires his old ox out to pasture, see Gow and Page (vol. I, 4) and (vol. II, 3-4). Gow and Page (vol. I, 4) follow the Anthologia Palatina (AP) and the Suda here in reading the farmer's name here, but they note that the AP scribe designated C (the Corrector) and the Anthologia Planudea transmitted e(/lkwn (present active participle of e(/lkw, I draw, drag, pull): thus, perhaps, "pulling [the plow through the fields] did not lead the working the cleaver". The Corrector's emendation might have been motivated by the rarity of the name Alkon/Alcon in daily life compared to its prominence in epic and classical myth; cf. Gow and Page (vol. II, 4).
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1968)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1968)
Keywords: agriculture; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; medicine; mythology; poetry; religion; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 8 March 2014@01:30:01.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (expanded n.1; more keywords; cosmetics; raised status) on 9 March 2014@05:12:57.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 30 December 2019@21:33:23.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography, added keywords) on 6 February 2022@15:14:31.


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