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Headword: *smu/rna
Adler number: sigma,752
Translated headword: myrrh
Vetting Status: high
[sc. Prefiguring] the funeral rites[1] of Christ, the laying-out [for burial]; for this [i.e. myrrh] is especially applied[2] to corpses.
Greek Original:
*smu/rna: o( ta/fos tou= *xristou=, h( e)ntafi/asis: nekroi=s ga\r au(/th diafero/ntws prosfe/retai.
From (unidentifiable) ancient commentary on Psalm 44:9 LXX, where the headword occurs.
The headword is also spelled z- (and without the s-, mu/rra). It is the oleo-gum-resin from the stem of Commifera abyssinica Holmes, used for perfumes and incense and for embalming the dead. A connection with stakth/ (myrrh oil: sigma 997) is not established, although described by Theophrastos (HP 9.4.10, 7.6.3 and passim). C. abyssinica belongs to the Burseraceae which also contains Boswellia carteri from which frankincense (libanw/tos: lambda 489) is produced. The Latin name for the myrrh-producing tree given in LSJ under smu/rna, Balsamodendron myrrha, is an older synonym for C. abyssinica. There is a lot of garbage and misunderstanding concerning myrrh in Dioscorides, Diodorus Siculus and Pliny.
[1] This translation of taphos -- no.1 in LSJ s.v. -- seems preferable to the alternative "tomb" (no.2 there).
[2] Or "... is applied in different ways ...".
Keywords: botany; Christianity; daily life; definition; ethics; religion
Translated by: Carl Widstrand on 15 January 2000@17:01:23.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 5 February 2003@03:25:01.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 18 August 2011@10:04:57.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 30 December 2013@05:01:46.
David Whitehead (codings) on 26 May 2016@05:23:25.
Catharine Roth (coding, typo) on 17 November 2021@22:54:03.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule, expanded note) on 15 March 2022@01:12:52.


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