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Headword: *sma/ragdos
Adler number: sigma,729
Translated headword: emerald
Vetting Status: high
It is spoken in the feminine. It is a kind of valuable stone.
"The surest proof of the piety of Polykrates the Samian [was] the discovery of the emerald that had been thrown into the sea, and the capture of the fish that had swallowed this."[1]
Also [sc. attested is the word] smaragdeion, a mineral of earth.[2]
Greek Original:
*sma/ragdos: qhlukw=s le/getai. e)/sti de\ ei)=dos li/qou poluti/mou. e)/legxos de\ bebaio/tatos th=s qeosebei/as *polukra/tous tou= *sami/ou h( th=s smara/gdou th=s e)mblhqei/shs ei)s to\ pe/lagos eu(/resis, kai\ qhraqei\s o( i)xqu\s o( tau/thn katapiw/n. kai\ *smara/gdeion, me/tallon gh=s.
[1] For the story see Herodotos 3.41–2 (web address 1). The present allusion to it is unattributable. (Adler suggests Aelian.) The writer's assertion that the recovery of the emerald was a proof of divine favour seems to misunderstand the point of Hdt.'s story, since it was in fact a warning of inevitable destruction -- unless we are meant to understand the warning as a boon. [Adler notes Bernhardy's rejection of the proposal of Urbanus Chevraeus to emend qeosebei/as "piety" to eu)tuxi/as "good luck".]
[2] Adler reports smaragdeion metallon ("emerald mine") in the Ambrosian Lexicon (595), which seems preferable both in itself and given the fact that the plural phrase "emerald mines" occurs five times in Heliodorus.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; religion; science and technology
Translated by: D. Graham J. Shipley on 2 June 2009@01:20:44.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 2 June 2009@03:31:07.
Catharine Roth (added link) on 3 June 2009@01:40:35.
David Whitehead (expanded notes) on 18 August 2011@09:26:18.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 2 May 2014@04:33:18.
David Whitehead (coding) on 26 May 2016@05:15:43.


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