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Headword: *pu/rrwn
Adler number: pi,3238
Translated headword: Pyrrhon, Pyrrho
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Pyrrho(n)] son of Pleistarchos, of Elis; a philosopher; [the one] who lived during the reign of Philip of Macedon, in the 111th Olympiad[1] and thereafter. He was initially a painter, but then was attracted by philosophy; he studied under Bryson the pupil of Kleinomachos and then under Alexandros the pupil of Metrodoros of Chios, whose teacher had been Metrodoros of Abdera.[2] His opinion was that nothing is naturally bad or good, but [only so] by usage and custom.
Greek Original:
*pu/rrwn, *pleista/rxou, *)hlei=os, filo/sofos: o(\s h)=n e)pi\ *fili/ppou tou= *makedo/nos, kata\ th\n ria# *)olumpia/da kai\ e)pe/keina. kai\ pro/teron me\n h)=n zwgra/fos, u(/steron de\ w(/rmhsen e)pi\ filosofi/an kai\ dih/kouse *bru/swnos, tou= *kleinoma/xou maqhtou=, ei)=ta *)aleca/ndrou, tou= *mhtrodw/rou maqhtou=, tou= *xi/ou, ou(= dida/skalos h)=n *mhtro/dwros o( *)abdhri/ths. e)do/case de\ mhde\n fu/sei ai)sxro\n h)\ kalo/n, a)lla\ e)/qei kai\ no/mw|.
Notes:
c.365-275 BCE; see generally Gisela Striker in OCD4 s.v., and pi 3241. For the present material cf. Diogenes Laertius 9.61.
[1] 336-333. (This date has suggested to some the need to emend 'Philip' to Alexander -- or else to emend the numeral itself.)
[2] J. Jonsius, De scriptoribus historiae philosophicae libri IV (Francofurti: Ex officina Thom. Matt. Götzii, 1659), 1.4.1 (p. 24) convincingly emended *)Aleca/ndrou to *)Anaca/rxou and *Metro/dwros to *Dhmo/kritos, based on Diogenes Laertius 9.58; cf. R.L. Fowler, Early Greek Mythography I (Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000), 269. See also Bett (below), 152-165, on Pyrrho’s connection to Democritus and Anaxarchus, as well as to Metrodorus of Chios.
Reference:
Bett, Richard. Pyrrho, his Antecedents, and his Legacy. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000
Keywords: art history; biography; chronology; ethics; geography; philosophy
Translated by: David Whitehead on 22 February 2004@07:52:18.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 17 September 2004@19:17:09.
David Whitehead (augmented n.1) on 19 September 2004@05:40:27.
David Whitehead on 1 December 2011@09:37:33.
Fred Jenkins (Added note 2 and bibliography) on 6 November 2012@21:54:12.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 7 November 2012@03:10:26.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2014@07:27:52.

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