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Headword: *proi+e/nai
Adler number: pi,2427
Translated headword: to cast away
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] to throw [away], to lose.[1] "It is not right for a man to cast away any of his own [possessions]."[2] For he did not say 'to manage' or 'to lend', but 'to cast away', the creditor being vexed at not being able to recover the money which he lent. So he is saying that one should not recklessly give away one's own money to others.[3]
Greek Original:
*proi+e/nai: r(i/yai, a)pole/sai. a)/ndra tw=n au(tou= ti ou) xrh\ proi+e/nai. ou)de\ ga\r xeiri/sasqai e)/fh h)\ danei=sai, a)lla\ proi+e/nai, a)sxa/llwn o( daneisth\s e)pi\ tw=| mh\ kekomi/sqai a(/per e)da/neise xrh/mata. fhsi\n ou)=n, o(/ti ou) xrh\ r(a|di/ws a)/llois proi/+esqai ta\ e(autou= xrh/mata.
The headword, extracted from the quotation given, is the present active infinitive of the verb proi/hmi, I send before, send away, dismiss, give away; see generally LSJ s.v.
[1] The glossing verb forms are aorist active infinitives of r(i/ptw (I cast, hurl, throw away) and a)po/llumi (I destroy utterly, kill, lay waste); see generally LSJ s.vv.
[2] Aristophanes, Clouds 1214 (a complaint of the First Creditor: web address 1), though in the form of a question in the received text; see Dover, p. 72. [In her critical apparatus Adler reports that ms M has to/n for tw=n.]
[3] From the scholia (= scholia vetera) to the above Aristophanic passage. [Adler notes that Bernhardy suggested xari/sasqai, to give graciously, for the paradosis xeiri/sasqai; ms A reads tw=n for tw=|; and ms V omits the last sentence in the passage.]
K.J. Dover, ed., Aristophanes Clouds, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1968
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 13 June 2013@01:09:54.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, upgraded link, set status) on 14 June 2013@01:36:19.
David Whitehead (adjustments) on 14 June 2013@04:49:40.
David Whitehead on 15 October 2013@06:42:46.


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