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Headword: *polu/stratos
Adler number: pi,2006
Translated headword: Polystratos, Polystratus
Vetting Status: high
This man, being accused of mutilating the Hermai, was done away with by [the] Athenians; Lysias mentions him.[1] It is another [Polystratos] for whom the same Lysias wrote a speech.[2] And it would be [yet] another whom Demosthenes mentions in [the] Philippics, saying that once he maintained a mercenary force in Corinth.[3] Perhaps, though, one should write "Polytropos" instead of Polystratos there. For Didymus says that in no writer did he find "Polystratos" as the leader of the mercenary force in Corinth[4], and that "Polytropos" is, however, an Athenian.[5]
Greek Original:
*polu/stratos: ou(=tos ai)ti/an e)/xwn tou= *(erma=s periko/yai a)nh|re/qh u(po\ *)aqhnai/wn: ou(= *lusi/as me/mnhtai. e(/teros de/ e)stin, u(pe\r ou(= lo/gon e)/grayen o( au)to\s *lusi/as. a)/llos d' a)\n ei)/h, ou(= mnhmoneu/ei *dhmosqe/nhs e)n *filippikoi=s, le/gwn au)to/n pote e)n *kori/nqw| ceniko\n tre/fein. mh/pote me/ntoi e)ntau=qa dei= gra/fein *polu/tropon, a)nti\ tou= *polustra/tou. para\ mhdeni\ ga/r fhsin o( *di/dumos eu(rhke/nai to\n *polu/straton h(ghsa/menon tou= e)n *kori/nqw| cenikou=, to\n me/ntoi *polu/tropon *)aqhnai=on ei)=nai.
Harpokration s.v., abridged. See also Photius, Lexicon pi1059 Theodoridis.
[1] Lysias fr. 118 Sauppe (now 160 Carey OCT). See also Andocides 1.13, and generally epsilon 3047.
[2] Lysias -- or in fact more probably [Lysias] -- 20 (web address 1).
[3] Demosthenes 4.24 (web address 2).
[4] Didymus p.310 Schmidt.
[5] The abridgement has caused some distortion here. This final clause is not part of what Didymus had said; rather, it is part of the refutation of Didymos by Harpok., who tells us that he had found a "Polytropos" in Xenophon (Hellenica 6.5.11: web address 3) but saw no reason to think him an Athenian. He was in fact a Spartan: see Parke (below) 50 n.4, 87 n.2; Didymus was attempting to conflate two quite different mercenary forces.
H.W. Parke, Greek Mercenary Soldiers (Oxford 1933)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 17 December 2000@10:11:49.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added links, cosmetics, status) on 1 August 2004@01:43:33.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 1 August 2004@04:47:08.
David Whitehead (augmented n.1; another keyword) on 10 June 2011@09:59:39.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 15 July 2011@07:41:24.
Catharine Roth (fixed links) on 18 July 2011@20:01:20.
David Whitehead on 9 October 2013@06:14:11.
David Whitehead on 30 June 2014@07:31:55.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 30 June 2014@11:31:02.


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