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Headword: *poludeu/khs
Adler number: pi,1951
Translated headword: Polydeukes, Pollux
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
of Naucratis.[1] Some write that he is a sophist of Ardyenna, [but] they are joking:[2] Ardyenna [is] a city of Phoenicia.[3] He taught in Athens under the emperor Commodus,[4] and died aged 58, having composed the following books: Onomasticon (10 books: it is a collection of different words for the same thing); informal discourses, or talks; declamations; epithalamium to Caesar Commodus; Roman Speech; Trumpet, or Musical Contest; Against Socrates; Against the People of Sinope; Panellenic [Speech]; Arcadian [Speech];[5] and so on.
On statues of Castor and [sc. the mythological] Pollux see under 'Dioscuri'.[6]
Greek Original:
*poludeu/khs, *naukrati/ths. tine\s de\ *)ardoue/nnas sofisth\n gra/fousi, pai/zontes: po/lis de\ *foini/khs h( *)ardou/enna. e)pai/deuse ga\r e)n *)aqh/nais e)pi\ *komo/dou tou= basile/ws kai\ e)teleu/thsen e)/th biou\s h# kai\ n#, sunta/cas bibli/a tau=ta: *)onomastiko\n e)n bibli/ois i#: e)/sti de\ sunagwgh\ tw=n diafo/rws kata\ tou= au)tou= legome/nwn: *diale/ceis h)/toi lalia/s, *mele/tas, *ei)s *ko/modon *kai/sara *)epiqala/mion, *(rwmai+ko\n lo/gon, *salpigkth\n h)\ a)gw=na mousiko/n, *kata\ *swkra/tous, *kata\ *sinwpe/wn, *panellh/nion, *)arkadiko/n: kai\ e(/tera. zh/tei a)ga/lmata *ka/storos kai\ *poludeu/kous e)n tw=| *dio/skouroi.
Notes:
C2 AD. RE Iulius(773); OCD4 Pollux, Iulius; PIR2 I474. For some of the present material cf. Philostratus, Lives of the Sophists 2.12.
[1] In Egypt (nu 57, nu 58).
[2] Adler notes Kuster's suggested emendation of this participle to ptai/ontes ("blundering").
[3] No Phoenician city of this name is attested, and it is in any case a NW European name: Ardennes (see e.g. Strabo 4.3.5, and Barrington Atlas map 11 grid G4). Adler notes the suggested double emendation by Jonathan Toup (1713-1785) to Arados, in Syria. See also n. 5 below.
[4] kappa 2007.
[5] Adler notes the suggested emendation, by von Gutschmid, of Arkadikon to Aradikon; cf. n. 3 above.
[6] delta 1209.
Keywords: art history; biography; chronology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; history; meter and music; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 5 September 2003@15:46:20.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (cosmetics, added keywords, set status) on 5 September 2003@15:52:21.
David Whitehead (augmented note; added keyword; cosmetics) on 6 September 2003@07:03:26.
David Whitehead (more notes; cosmetics; raised status) on 4 August 2011@10:22:18.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 2 August 2014@11:36:54.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; expanded one note, added another) on 23 June 2016@11:34:15.

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