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Headword: *polemhte/a ei)=nai e)n ta/xei
Adler number: pi,1883
Translated headword: that war was to be waged with speed
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Meaning that it was necessary to make war. But it should be known that such expressions of obligation have adverbs in them,[1] [sc. implying] either xrh/ ["ought to"] or dei= ["must"], like gamhte/on, meaning one ought to marry, pleuste/on, meaning one must sail, and ou) paradote/a[2] meaning one ought not to hand over.
"It seemed to them that it was necessary to make war on the Romans at the beginning of spring."[3]
"Thus he decided for these reasons that it was necessary to make war on the Romans."[4]
Greek Original:
*polemhte/a ei)=nai e)n ta/xei: a)nti\ tou= dei=n polemei=n. i)steo\n de/, o(/ti ta\ toiau=ta qetika\ e)pirrh/mata e)/xousin e)n au)toi=s h)\ xrh\ h)\ to\ dei=, oi(=on gamhte/on, a)nti\ tou= xrh\ gamh=sai, pleuste/on, a)nti\ tou= dei= pleu=sai, kai\ ou) paradote/a a)nti\ tou= ou) xrh\ paradou=nai. polemhte/a sfi/sin a(/ma h)=ri a)rxome/nw| e)pi\ *(rwmai/ous e)/docen ei)=nai. ou(/tws e)/gnw dia\ tau=ta polemhte/on ei)=nai pro\s *(rwmai/ous.
Notes:
The first paragraph of this entry is also in other lexica; references at Photius pi1015, where Theodoridis identifies the source of the headword phrase itself (left unspecified by Adler) as Thucydides 1.79.2.
[1] On the broad sense of e)pi/rrhma required here, see generally Dickey 127.
[2] Thucydides 1.86.3.
[3] Procopius, History of the Wars of Justinian 2.3.55.
[4] Quotation unidentifiable.
Reference:
Eleanor Dickey, Ancient Greek Scholarship (Oxford 2007)
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 26 August 2012@22:14:52.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (notes; more keywords; cosmetics) on 27 August 2012@03:29:40.
David Whitehead on 7 October 2013@08:04:11.

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