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Headword: *peiratw=n
Adler number: pi,1454
Translated headword: pirates
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] those who throw [people] into the water, raiders by sea.[1]
For peira [means] trickery, and deceit, and art[fulness]. And so peiratai are knaves [operating] by sea.[2]
Greek Original:
*peiratw=n: katapontistw=n, kata\ qa/lassan lh|stw=n. *pei=ra ga\r o( do/los, kai\ h( a)pa/th, kai\ h( te/xnh. o(/qen kai\ peiratai\ oi( kata\ qa/lattan kakou=rgoi.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica; references at Photius pi526, where Theodoridis declares the headword (in the genitive plural) to be extracted from Job 16.9 LXX. For an attempted distinction between pirates (maritime) and raiders (terrestrial) see lambda 474. For katapontistai as a generalized word for pirates/raiders in and from the C4 BCE, see LSJ s.v.
[2] For this material see already pi 1448.
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; military affairs; religion
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 24 August 2000@00:19:01.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added notes and keywords) on 23 May 2001@05:24:59.
David Whitehead (tweaked n.1) on 29 September 2011@08:38:16.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1; more keywords) on 2 October 2013@07:26:41.
David Whitehead (coding) on 23 May 2016@04:46:27.


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