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Headword: *(ormhth/rion
Adler number: omicron,602
Translated headword: base of operations, stimulant, incentive, motivation
Vetting Status: high
Polybius [writes]: "having seized the fortress in the opening phases of the war, the Pannonians[1] had made it a base of operations and had drawn matériel from among the spoils."[2]
A base of operations is [a place] from which they will come out to fight equipped with things for war.
Greek Original:
*(ormhth/rion: *polu/bios: to\ de\ frou/rion oi( *panno/nioi katarxa\s tou= pole/mou labo/ntes o(rmhth/rion e)pepoi/hnto kai\ ei)s u(podoxh\n tw=n lafu/rwn e)ch|rh/kesan. e)/sti de\ o(rmhth/rion, o(/qen ta\ pro\s to\n po/lemon e)cartu/ontes e)ci/asi maxeso/menoi.
The headword, presumably extracted from the quotation given, is a neuter noun in the nominative (and vocative and accusative) singular; see LSJ s.v. and cf. ps.-Zonaras 1468. Adler also cites Lexicon Ambrosianum 514.
[1] Named for 'a group of Illyrian peoples who had absorbed Celtic influences to varying degrees' (OCD(4) s.v.), the Roman province of Pannonia (founded in 9 CE) lay south and west of the middle Danube region (Barrington Atlas map 20 grids C3-E4), roughly in what now occupies parts of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, and Serbia; cf. pi 206, pi 879, and eta 277. In her critical apparatus, Adler notes an alternative spelling in mss GSM, *pano/nnioi, for the name of the ethnic group, i.e. the entity relevant to the present entry; but for the regular spelling cf. the toponym under alpha 527 and nu 561.
[2] Polybius fr. 64 (Büttner-Wobst). The fragment is unplaced, and its attribution to Polybius is uncertain (Büttner-Wobst, p. 523; Walbank, p. 748). The compound e)ch|rh/kesan is indeed unlikely (Walbank, ibid.), and, as Adler notes, Hultsch suggested e)chrtu/kesan (they had fitted up) as an alternative (Hultsch, p. 555).
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, Teubner: Leipzig, 1904
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. III, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979
F.O. Hultsch, The Histories of Polybius, vol. 2, E.S. Shuckburgh, trans., London: Macmillan and Company, 1889
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 25 August 2009@20:18:13.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks, status) on 26 August 2009@16:17:45.
David Whitehead (x-refs; tweaks and cosmetics) on 31 August 2009@05:31:25.
David Whitehead (tweaked n.1) on 18 July 2013@03:37:15.
David Whitehead on 6 August 2014@03:22:03.


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