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Headword: *(/oper
Adler number: omicron,446
Translated headword: what precisely [is]
Vetting Status: high
Properly speaking this [expression] 'what precisely is' is indicative of what is in the strict sense; and if [the expression 'what precisely is'][1] is added to something else, it means 'being that in the strict sense'. For instance, what precisely/essentially [is] a man [means] a man in the strict sense; and 'what precisely is' [means what is in the strict sense] and 'what precisely is good' [means] what is good in the strict sense.[2] And indeed, among the things that are predicated of another thing, if [the expression] 'what precisely [is]' is added to something else, [that] means that it is predicated of that in a strict sense; and [it means] that in a strict sense the substance [?] is in that and is that.
Greek Original:
*(/oper: tou=to to\ o(/per tou= kuri/ws e)sti\ dhlwtiko/n, kai\ w(=| e)a\n prosteqh=|, to\ kuri/ws e)kei=no ei)=nai shmai/nei: oi(=on o(/per a)/nqrwpos, o( kuri/ws a)/nqrwpos: kai\ o(/per o)\n kai\ o(/per a)gaqo\n to\ kuri/ws, a)gaqo/n. kai\ tw=n kathgoroume/nwn dh\ kat' a)/llou, w(=| a)\n to\ o(/per prosteqh=|, kuri/ws e)kei/nou kathgorei=sqai shmai/nei. kai\ to\ ei)=nai to\ u(pokei/menon kuri/ws e)n tou/tw| te kai\ tou=to.
This entry is taken (with some important variations) from Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topica 227.7-12. Alexander is commenting here on Topica 116a23ff., where it is argued that 'what precisely (or essentially) is' is more desirable than what does not come within the genus; for instance, justice is more desirable than a just man, or a white man is not precisely what color is (Topica 116a26-27).
[1] The expression o(/per, which clarifies the text, appears in Alexander 227.7-8, and reappears below in this entry.
[2] The Suda omits some words, obscuring the sense. The reading given by Wallies (the editor of Alexander's treatise: Berlin, 1891) is: o(/per o)/n to\ kuri/ws o)/n. o(/per a)gaqo\n to\ kuri/ws a)gaqo/n.
Keywords: definition; philosophy
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 10 July 2003@11:06:41.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 11 July 2003@03:57:34.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 13 May 2008@21:39:01.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 14 May 2008@11:43:43.
David Whitehead (more adjustments) on 5 July 2013@03:19:44.
David Whitehead (codings) on 20 May 2016@03:20:59.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 25 January 2021@19:02:24.


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