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Headword: *(omaixmi/a
Adler number: omicron,237
Translated headword: military pact, union for battle
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] fighting together, alliance, friendship. [sc. The word is formed] from putting together [o(mou=] the spear-points [ai)xmai/].[1]
Herodotos [writes]: "and for a short time the military pact lasted; then the Lacedaemonians and the Athenians quarreled and went to war with each other."[2]
And elsewhere: "[he] brought the Goths into alliance."[3]
And elsewhere: "[...] at the time of Hannibal the Carthaginian general, when all Italy joined in alliance with the Romans."[4]
Greek Original:
*(omaixmi/a: o(momaxi/a, summaxi/a, fili/a. para\ to\ o(mou= ta\s ai)xma\s ti/qesqai. *(hro/dotos: kai\ o)li/gon me\n xro/non o(maixmi/a cune/meinen: e)/peita dienexqe/ntes oi( *lakedaimo/nioi kai\ oi( *)aqhnai=oi e)pole/mhsan pro\s a)llh/lous. kai\ au)=qis. e)phga/geto de\ e)s o(maixmi/an tou\s *go/tqous. kai\ au)=qis: e)pi\ *)anni/ba tou= *karxhdoni/ou strathgou= th=s *)itali/as a(pa/shs e)s th\n *(rwmai/wn susta/shs o(maixmi/an.
For this headword see also under alpha 2154 and delta 1660.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica (references at Photius omicron261 Theodoridis), and cf. the scholia to Thucydides 1.18.3, where the headword occurs (see next note).
[2] No: Thucydides 1.18.3 (web address 1), on the breakdown of Athens/Sparta relations during the Pentekontaetia. Herodotus has two instances of the Ionic accusative singular o(maixmi/hn (7.145.12 and 8.140.22); perhaps a reference has fallen out of the lexicographical tradition (de Boor, below).
[3] From the excerpts prepared for Constantine Porphyrogenitus, according to Adler; ultimate source unknown.
[4] Likewise from the excerpts prepared for Constantine Porphyrogenitus, according to Adler. Left unidentified by her, but latterly Favuzzi [see under alpha 1596] 201-202 finds vocabulary-based grounds for attributing it to John of Antioch.
C. de Boor, "Suidas und die Konstantinsche Exzerptsammlung I." Byzantinische Zeitschrift 21 (1912) 418 n. 3
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; chronology; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 17 December 2009@00:42:01.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 December 2009@03:38:52.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 20 December 2009@16:31:35.
Catharine Roth (augmented bibliography, with help from Ron Allen) on 26 December 2009@19:39:52.
David Whitehead (typo; cosmetic) on 11 April 2011@06:36:24.
David Whitehead (modified and expanded n.4) on 4 June 2013@04:20:05.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 25 June 2013@04:55:30.


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