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Headword: *)wsti/a
Adler number: omega,246
Translated headword: Ostia
Vetting Status: high
Ancus Marcius when king of the Romans[1] fortified a place near the remainders(?) and near the outflows of the river Tiber. On the shore itself he set up a city, which he named Ostia from the position; as Greeks might say, a door; I think it lies some sixteen milestones from Rome.[2]
Also [sc. attested is] w)stia/rios with an omega, from [the verb] w)qei=n.
An ostia [is] a door amongst Romans, which gives rise to the rank ostiarius with an omicron.
Let it not be given a Greek etymology!
Greek Original:
*)wsti/a: *)/agkos *ma/rkos basileu/sas *(rwmai/wn pro\s toi=s loipoi=s kai\ pro\s tai=s e)kbolai=s tou= *tibe/ridos potamou= e)tei/xise to/pon. e)p' au)th=s th=s r(axi/as a)ni/sthsi po/lin, h(\n *)wsti/an a)po\ th=s qe/sews proshgo/reusen: w(s a)\n ei)/poien *(/ellhnes qu/ran: e(kkai/deka/ pou shmei/ois a)festw=san th=s *(rw/mhs oi)=mai. kai\ *)wstia/rios de\ dia\ tou= w mega/lou para\ to\ w)qei=n. *)osti/a, h( qu/ra para\ *(rwmai/ois, o(/qen kai\ o)stia/rios to\ a)ci/wma, dia\ tou= o mikrou=. mh\ *(ellhnikw=s e)tumologei/sqw.
For Ostia see already omega 244.
cf. generally omicron 711, omicron 712, and again omega 247.
[1] Trad. 640-617; the fourth king.
[2] For this first part of the entry cf. (more briefly) Eutropius, Breviarium 1.5.
Keywords: biography; chronology; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history
Translated by: David Whitehead on 4 September 2005@10:46:28.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 4 September 2005@19:48:41.
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 5 September 2005@03:20:55.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 8 August 2011@09:56:33.
David Whitehead on 31 July 2013@03:19:35.
David Whitehead on 20 May 2016@09:19:19.


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