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Headword: *ni/kaia
Adler number: nu,380
Translated headword: Nikaia, Nicaea
Vetting Status: high
Name of a city of Bithynia;[1] and by it flows a river called Pharnoutis.[2]
[sc. Originally] a colony of the Bottiaeans,[3] it was also called Antigoneia,[4] but changed its name to that of Nike, the wife of Lysimachus.[5] Alternatively it has the same name, if that woman was called Nikaia. There is also a Nikaia in Illyria[6] and in India[7] and on the island of Kyrnos [ = Corsica] and in Leuktra[8] and of the Celts[9] and of the Epiknemidian Lokrians[10] and near Thermopylae and [in] Thrace. Many notable men come from it. Its ethnikon [is] Nikaieus and Nikaeus -- but if, they say, it is Nikaios, the word has an acute accent on the penultima: for [it is] *nikai/a.
Greek Original:
*ni/kaia: o)/noma po/lews *biquni/as: e)n h(=| pararrei= kai\ potamo\s *fa/rnoutis lego/menos. *bottiai/wn a)/poikos, au(/th klhqei=sa kai\ *)antigo/neia. parwno/mastai de\ *ni/kh| th=| tou= *lusima/xou gunaiki/. a)/llws de\ o(mwnumei=, ei)/per e)kei/nh e)kalei=to *ni/kaia. e)/sti de\ kai\ *)illuri\s *ni/kaia kai\ *)indikh\ kai\ *ku/rnou th=s nh/sou kai\ *leuktrikh\ kai\ *keltw=n kai\ *lokrw=n *)epiknhmidi/wn kai\ peri\ *qermopu/las kai\ *qra/|khn. a)/ndres e)c au)th=s polloi\ lo/gou a)/cioi. e)qniko\n au)th=s *nikaieu\s kai\ *nikaeu/s. ei) d' e)/sti, fasi/, *nikai=os, parocu/netai h( r(hqei=sa: *nikai/a ga/r.
Lightly adapted from Stephanus of Byzantium s.v.
[1] See generally OCD4 s.v. Nicaea(1); Barrington Atlas map 52 grid F4; present-day Isnik.
[2] cf. phi 111.
[3] A non- (or semi-) Greek people of ancient Lower Macedonia.
[4] After King Antigonus I Monophthalmus (d. 301 BCE). See further, next note.
[5] King Lysimachus (d. 282 BCE), whose territorial gains after the death of Antigonus included this city.
[6] Barrington Atlas map 49 grid B3.
[7] Barrington Atlas map 6 grid C3.
[8] In Boeotia, celebrated for the Boeotians' victory over the Spartans in 371 BCE.
[9] Present-day Nice, in the south of France; OCD4 s.v.(2).
[10] cf. nu 381.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; history; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 17 September 2009@05:09:26.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 17 September 2009@09:09:33.
David Whitehead (x-ref) on 17 September 2009@09:13:38.
David Whitehead (more notes; tweaks) on 18 September 2009@07:30:54.
David Whitehead on 28 July 2011@06:55:24.
David Whitehead on 7 August 2014@04:26:30.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticules) on 14 November 2020@01:06:23.


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