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Headword: *meso/ths
Adler number: mu,671
Translated headword: mean
Vetting Status: high
[sc. Something that is] true.
"The virtues of characters,[1] especially justice, are means, not extremities."[2]
Greek Original:
*meso/ths: a)lhqe/s. o(/ti meso/thte/s ei)sin ou)k a)kro/thtes ai( tw=n h)qw=n a)retai/, ma/lista h( dikaiosu/nh.
cf. generally mu 669.
[1] Or “moral virtues”: see Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics 1103a5-15. According to Aristotle’s canonical definition of moral virtue, a virtue is a dispositional state (e(/cis) concerned with choice, state consisting in a mean relative to us, this mean being determined by prudent’s person reason (Nicomachean Ethics 1106b36-1107a2). So virtue finds and chooses what is intermediate between two extremities. Note, however, that Aristotle also places emphasis on the fact that, with regard to what is best and good, virtue is an extremity or extreme. Thus a moral virtue is not an extremity insofar as it is neither excessive nor deficient; but in another sense it is an extremity because it describes the best or the highest condition (Nicomachean Ethics 1107a6-8).
[2] Quotation not identified by Adler, but a TLG search reveals it to be Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities 8.61.2.
Keywords: definition; ethics; historiography; philosophy
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 16 June 2004@08:44:28.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-ref; cosmetics) on 16 June 2004@09:40:22.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 16 June 2004@13:17:05.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 18 November 2005@10:16:25.
David Whitehead (source identification; another keyword; tweaks) on 28 March 2011@07:58:24.
David Whitehead on 16 May 2013@08:48:12.


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