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Headword: *lhi+sqei/s
Adler number: lambda,429
Translated headword: seized as plunder
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning one who was] pirated/robbed.[1] Also [sc. attested is the related term] lĂȘistikon ["piratical"], a brigade and a mob; but lĂȘistrikon [is] a possession.[2]
Greek Original:
*lhi+sqei/s: lh|steuqei/s. kai\ *lh|stiko/n, ta/gma kai\ plh=qos, lh|striko\n de\ kth=ma.
[1] The headword is aorist passive participle, masculine nominative singular, of the same verb as lambda 424. Same glossing in Photius lambda244 Theodoridis. The earliest known instance of an aorist passive participle is the feminine accusative singular lhi+sqei=san in Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 4.400; the masculine form which has generated the Photius/Suda entry is also to be seen in Hesychius lambda830 (lhi+sqe/ntos glossed klape/ntos, a)faireqe/ntos).
[2] This distinction, made by Aelius Dionysius, *)attika\ o)no/mata s.v. lh|stiko/n, attempts to give an active sense to lh|stiko/n "plundering" (e.g. "of pirates") vs. lh|striko/n "plundered". This is not reflected in how lh|striko/s was actually used, however: see LSJ s.v. The instance being glossed is Thucydides 1.4; see the scholia there. Aelius Dionysius is cited more closely in Photius lambda251 Theodoridis; the distinction is also invoked in lambda 474.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; military affairs
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 17 March 2009@07:50:40.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 18 March 2009@05:16:07.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 18 April 2013@03:44:57.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticules) on 14 May 2020@01:17:40.


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