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Headword: *katabolh/
Adler number: kappa,483
Translated headword: onset, wheeling-about
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning an] inaugurating action/operation.[1]
"From onset [sc. of manufacture], fifty ships to construct, and fifty to come down from the existing shipyards." Polybius [sc. writes this].[2]
"The pirates, having beheld the attack of the Roman vessels, began, after a wheeling-about [maneuver], to make their retreat."[3]
Also said [of] a sacrifice,[4] a periodic occurrence,[5] an initiation.
Greek Original:
*katabolh/: kainou/rghsis. e)k katabolh=s penth/konta nau=s nauphgh/sasqai, penth/konta de\ u(parxousw=n katelqei=n e)k tw=n newri/wn. *polu/bios. oi( de\ peiratai\ qeasa/menoi to\n e)pi/ploun tw=n *(rwmai+kw=n ploi/wn e)k katabolh=s e)poiou=nto th\n a)naxw/rhsin. le/getai de\ kai\ qusi/a, peri/odos, teleth/.
For this headword see already kappa 481, kappa 482.
[1] This glossing term occurs only here.
[2] Polybius fr. 168b Büttner-Wobst. Büttner-Wobst notes (536) that Casaubon attributed this fragment to Polybius. Büttner-Wobst also adopts (ibid.) an emendation of the fragment given by Schweighäuser, replacing katelqei=n, to come down, with kaqe/lkein, to draw to the sea.
[3] Polybius 21.12 (web address 1). [Adler records in her apparatus criticus that Schweighäuser replaced the headword (genitive) in this passage with metabolh=s. As in fr. 168 (cf. kappa 481), Büttner-Wobst (30) concurs.]
[4] As one of the glosses in Hesychius kappa1018 (s.v. katabolh/).
[5] cf. Plato, Hippias Minor 372E (web address 2) with scholion; kappa 481 note.
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; history; military affairs; philosophy; rhetoric; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 10 December 2007@23:31:17.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked headword and tr; modified primary note; added another note; cosmetics) on 11 December 2007@03:13:44.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 30 January 2013@06:21:23.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, cosmeticule n.3, cosmetics in bibliography) on 26 October 2018@23:07:41.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 20 April 2019@14:18:54.


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