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Headword: *kw=lon
Adler number: kappa,2243
Translated headword: limb
Vetting Status: high
[sc. So called] because that is where lies the whole bone (kei=sqai o(/lon).[1] Hence also skw/lhc ["worm"] by antiphrasis.[2]
Greek Original:
*kw=lon: para\ to\ e)kei= kei=sqai o(/lon to\ o)stou=n. e)/nqen kai\ skw/lhc kata\ a)nti/frasin.
See also kappa 2244 (and the plural at kappa 2231 and kappa 2232).
[1] The Etymologicum Gudianum and the Etymologicum Magnum use this derivation for koili/a "belly" instead.
[2] That is, "worm" is derived from "limb" as its antonym (antiphrasis was normally used to explain euphemism). As ps.-Zonaras, the Etymologicum Gudianum and the Etymologicum Magnum s.v. skw/lhc explain, that is because "worms have no limbs, that is, bones". This kind of explanation is also known as the type lucus a non lucendo; cf. epsilon 1031 (end).
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 20 February 2009@22:00:00.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 21 February 2009@19:29:43.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 22 February 2009@03:46:41.
Catharine Roth (more betacode) on 22 February 2009@16:38:35.
David Whitehead on 15 March 2013@05:27:21.
Catharine Roth (cross-references) on 12 January 2020@22:44:31.


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