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Headword: *kabbali/s
Adler number: kappa,2
Translated headword: kabbalis
Vetting Status: high
[kabbalis means] one who is throwing down.[1] In effect [an animal] eating enough from a manger.[2] It declines kabbali=nos [in the genitive]. The word is a compound of ka/ph ["manger"] and a(/lis ["enough"]. For it is the leavings of animals which are eating from a manger.
Greek Original:
*kabbali/s: o( katabalw/n. oi(=on a)po\ ka/phs a(/lis e)sqi/wn. kli/netai de\ kabbali=nos. e)/gkeitai de\ h( ka/ph kai\ to\ a(/lis. peri/ttwma ga/r e)sti tw=n a)po\ ka/phs e)sqio/ntwn a)lo/gwn.
The first gloss suggests that kabbali/s is derived from kataba/llw (cf. kappa 3); but then a different etymology is offered, from words for "manger" and "enough." The headword noun in this precise form is otherwise unattested (though see n. 2 below).
[1] Same gloss (for the aorist participle kabbalw/n) at kappa 3.
[2] Thus far the entry has a parallel in Etymologicum Magnum 482.18-20, though the headword there is ka/bbalis with the variant kaba/llhs and the glossing participle (for both) present-tense kataba/llwn. The noun kaba/llhs meant a nag or work-horse (cf. Hesychius kappa6), from Latin caballus; whence kaballi=na or kabali/na meant horse-dung (and Kaballinos was an alternative epithet for the emperor Constantine V Copronymus). The last sentence of the gloss suggests that the lexicographer has this sense in mind; cf. Eustathius, Commentary on the Odyssey 1.42.31 Stallbaum.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; zoology
Translated by: Anne Mahoney on 25 June 2000@10:26:51.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (modified translation) on 5 June 2002@21:24:45.
David Whitehead (added note and keyword; cosmetics) on 6 June 2002@03:24:16.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 3 October 2004@12:20:04.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 4 October 2004@03:18:54.
David Whitehead (modified hw and tr; augmented notes and keywords) on 17 January 2013@06:23:40.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 26 December 2015@16:56:54.
Catharine Roth (modified and expanded note, with information supplied by Dr. Nick Nicholas) on 26 December 2015@23:11:52.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 4 March 2019@01:15:04.


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