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Headword: *kogxu/lai
Adler number: kappa,1901
Translated headword: small cockles, small mussels
Vetting Status: high
"Just like vultures and dogs, [many] of the winged and footed [creatures], lay hold of scents from afar due to the force of the air; thus also fish, of those that live in water, lay hold of scents from afar because this force is also in the water. At any rate small cockles/mussels, without possessing sight, clearly chase after a bait, and likewise crocodiles, when pieces of meat are dangling above the surface of the water, chase after them."[1]
Greek Original:
*kogxu/lai: o(/ti w(/sper tw=n pthnw=n kai\ pezw=n oi( gu=pes kai\ oi( ku/nes po/rrwqen tw=n o)smw=n a)ntilamba/nontai dia\ th\n di/osmon tou= a)e/ros du/namin, ou(/tw kai\ tw=n e)nu/drwn dia\ to\ ei)=nai kai\ e)n u(/dati th\n du/namin tau/thn, po/rrwqen tw=n o)smw=n oi( i)xqu/es a)ntilamba/nontai. ai( kogxu/lai gou=n o)/yin ou)k e)/xousai fai/nontai dele/ati e)fepo/menai, o(moi/ws kai\ oi( kroko/deiloi tw=n krew=n u(pe\r th\n e)pifa/neian tou= u(/datos kremame/nwn e)fe/pontai au)toi=s.
The headword kogxu/lai, presumably extracted from the quotation given, is nominative plural of the feminine noun kogxu/lh, a rare diminutive variant of ko/gxh (kappa 1899, kappa 1900). Its equally rare Latin form, noted in Lewis & Short s.v. (and attested in Celsus and Valerius Maximus) is conchula.
[1] John Philoponus, Commentary on Aristotle's de anima 391.3-8 Hayduck (here abridged).
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; medicine; philosophy; zoology
Translated by: Steven Embree on 7 April 2009@17:10:02.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; internal rearrangement; augmented notes and keywords) on 8 April 2009@03:44:43.
Catharine Roth (tweak) on 8 April 2009@11:16:18.
David Whitehead on 6 March 2013@05:51:22.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 7 March 2013@00:19:12.
David Whitehead (coding) on 1 May 2016@10:03:51.


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