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Headword: *kate/sxon
Adler number: kappa,1002
Translated headword: they held down
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] they were brought to anchor. Polybios [writes]: "the Romans set off with three hundred ships and held down into Messana, whence they set off to sail again".[1] Also attested is prose/sxon ["they held to"]. "They held to Lilybaion".[2] The same Polybios [sc. says this]. And elsewhere: "Publius held down in Aitolia to Naupaktos".[3]
Greek Original:
*kate/sxon: proswrmi/sqhsan. *polu/bios: oi( de\ *(rwmai=oi a)nh/xqhsan triakosi/ais nausi\ kai\ kate/sxon ei)s *messh/nhn, o(/qen a)naxqe/ntes e)/pleon. le/getai de\ kai\ prose/sxon. prose/sxon tw=| *lilubai/w|. o( au)to\s *polu/bios. kai\ au)=qis: o( de\ *po/plios kate/sxe th=s *ai)twli/as ei)s *nau/pakton.
[1] Polybios 1.25.7, slightly misquoted (should be a)nh/xqhsan *(rwmai=oi me\n tria/konta kai\ triakosi/ais makrai=s nausi\ katafra/ktois kai\ kate/sxon ei)s *messh/nhn).
[2] Polybios 1.25.9; the Carthaginians *lilubai/w| prose/sxon. kate/sxon would normally mean 'occupied', 'seized' (e.g. Polybios 1.7.9), but the Suda here focuses on the less common meaning. See also pi 2649.
[3] Polybios fr. 174 Büttner-Wobst. Büttner-Wobst notes (537) that Ursinus (Fulvio Orsini, 1529-1600) attributed this fragment to Polybios. Schweighäuser suggested (ibid.) that the subject of the fragment could be Publius Sulpicius Galba, who was stationed at Naupaktos (Naupactus, on the southern Aetolian coast, Barrington Atlas map 55 grid B4) in 209 BCE and commanded the Roman navy in the region from 210-205 (Walbank, 753).
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. III, (Oxford 1979)
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: D. Graham J. Shipley on 23 November 2007@01:54:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (supplied notes and more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 23 November 2007@05:24:17.
D. Graham J. Shipley (augmented notes 1-2) on 25 November 2007@17:24:03.
David Whitehead (inserted note numbers) on 26 November 2007@06:52:43.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 10 February 2013@05:50:26.
David Whitehead (x-ref) on 2 February 2014@08:17:38.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.3, added bibliography) on 17 October 2018@23:42:16.


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