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Headword: *)he/
Adler number: eta,117
Translated headword: or, whether
Vetting Status: high
With barytone accent [it is] a disjunctive conjunction. [So in e.g.] "or to split the hollow wood."[1] But with perispomenon accent [as a conjunction] expressing doubt it is pronounced with a circumflex accent.[2] [So in e.g.] "whether fighting".[3] [Note also] "or not."[4]
Greek Original:
*)he/: baruto/nws diazeuktiko\s su/ndesmos. h)e\ diatmh=cai koi=lon do/ru. perispwme/nws de\ a)porhmatiko\s perispa=tai. h)= maxeou/menon. h)e\ kai\ ou)ki/.
Same material in Photius (Lexicon eta64), similar elsewhere (e.g. Hesychius, Apollonius' Homeric Lexicon, Herodian the grammarian, scholion A on Homer, Iliad 1.190). "Barytone accent" means an accent earlier than the last syllable.
[1] Homer, Odyssey 8.507 (on the Trojan horse: web address 1), with the manuscripts' reading rather than Aristarchus' diaplh=cai.
[2] Adler notes that Portus omitted perispa=tai as redundant. The perispomenon form is the monosyllable h)=.
[3] "Whether fighting" is an abridged version of Homer, Odyssey 11.403, "whether [= or] fighting about a town and women" (web address 2)
[4] A formulaic Homeric line-ending (8 instances, inc. Iliad 2.399); cf. omicron 896).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; military affairs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 15 November 2006@20:05:31.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 16 November 2006@03:45:26.
Catharine Roth (added link) on 16 November 2006@10:52:14.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference, upgraded links) on 10 August 2010@12:25:16.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 December 2012@03:55:36.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 7 April 2015@01:28:52.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes) on 15 January 2016@20:03:22.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 16 January 2016@01:23:22.


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