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Headword: *ei)/rcas
Adler number: epsiloniota,200
Translated headword: having fenced
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning he] having shut out. Attic-speakers [pronounce it] ei(/rcas with rough breathing; but what is found in Homer, e)rxqe/nt' e)n mega/lw| potamw=| ["caught in the great river"] [is written] with smooth breathing.[1] But we read the e(/rcas [that means] having done with a rough breathing. "Having done [e(/rcasa] this the glorious goddess departed."[2] But that which refers to enclosure [ei(rkth/] the Attic-speakers [prounounce] with smooth breathing.[3]
Greek Original:
*ei)/rcas: a)poklei/sas. dase/ws de\ to\ ei(/rcas *)attikoi/: to\ me/ntoi par' *(omh/rw|, e)rxqe/nt' e)n mega/lw| potamw=|, yilw=s. to\ de\ e(/rcas, to\ pra/cas, dase/ws a)naginw/skomen. h( me\n a)/r' w(\s e(/rcas' a)pebh/sato di=a qea/wn. to\ de\ e)pi\ th=s ei)rkth=s yilw=s *)attikoi/.
From the scholia on Aristophanes, Acharnians 330, where the headword, an aorist active participle in the masculine nominative singular, occurs (web address 1).
[1] Homer, Iliad 21.282 (web address 2). On ei)/rgw or ei(/rgw, see LSJ s.v. and epsiloniota 217.
[2] Homer, Odyssey 18.196 (web address 3). The root verg- "work" appears with smooth breathing in dialects where digamma has been lost: see LSJ s.v. e)/rgon.
[3] See epsiloniota 198.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 5 August 2005@10:44:58.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (typo; another keyword) on 7 August 2005@04:07:04.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 26 November 2012@06:47:37.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links) on 1 December 2012@00:30:56.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 27 December 2012@19:05:01.


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