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Headword: *)epi/orkon a)nw/mosen
Adler number: epsilon,2500
Translated headword: swore a false oath
Vetting Status: high
[Hektor] did not swear the incongruous utterance as a false oath willingly; instead [it was a false oath] because what he swore to was not about to come to pass.[1]
"And [he] being especially careful [not] to be convicted of swearing falsely."[2]
Greek Original:
*)epi/orkon a)nw/mosen: ou) to\ e)/cwqen e)pipefwnhme/non e)pi/orkon w)/mosen e(kousi/ws: a)ll' e)peidh\ ou)k e)/melle teleiwqh=nai ta\ o)mwmosme/na. kai\ e)piorki/as a(lw=nai ma/lista fulatto/menos.
The headword phrase occurs in Homer, Iliad 10.332 (web address 1), except that Homer has e)pw/mosen ('swore to') instead of the otherwise unattested a)nw/mosen found here; a)pw/mosen, which would normally mean 'swore off' or 'refused to swear' was an alternative reading known to early commentators (and rejected by them; cf. Eustathius ad loc.), and it is conceivable that this could be behind the Suda's erroneous reading.
[1] A garbled paraphrase of comments from the scholia to the Homer passage (see above), based ultimately on Aristonicus. In the original, the "incongruous utterance" was not a reference to Hektor's oath, but to Homer's characterization of that oath as a false one. For the use of e)/cwqen ('outside') in the sense of 'incongruous' or 'out of character', see the Aristonicus' comments in the scholia to 10.240.
[2] This additional comment, which occurs only in mss GIM (and cf. alpha 1382), apparently quotes or refers to a different passage altogether, and contains not the headword adjective but the related noun e)piorki/a ('perjury', 'swearing falsely'). Adler suggests Symeon Metaphrastes as a possible source.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; law; military affairs; mythology; philosophy; poetry; religion
Translated by: William Hutton on 29 November 2007@08:38:51.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked betacode, supplied link, set status) on 29 November 2007@10:42:53.
David Whitehead (x-ref; typo; other tweaks and cosmetics) on 30 November 2007@03:02:07.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 17 March 2011@09:11:41.
David Whitehead on 16 October 2012@10:01:31.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 26 September 2017@01:51:26.


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