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Headword: *diecodikou/s
Adler number: delta,930
Translated headword: detailed, discursive, elaborate
Vetting Status: high
Concerning dialectic Alexander of Aphrodisias says[1] that dialectic differs from rhetoric in that dialectic exercises its faculties with respect to every sort of subject matter and does not make its statements detailed/discursive/elaborate, but rather in question and response (for from this it takes its name), and that it reaches conclusions which are more universal and more common. Rhetoric, on the other hand, does not concern itself with every sort of subject matter in the fashion of dialectic (for the orator is chiefly concerned with politics)[2] and for the most part makes its argument in a detailed narrative manner and speaks rather about the particulars [of its subject]. And it shapes its speeches in accordance with circumstances[3] and fortunes and times and the persons and the places and such things as are appropriate to the particular circumstances: for political debates, panegyrics, and judicial trials concern such things.
So [the term] diecodikou/s stands for broader, more universal.
But [the term] diecw|dhko/s [means] that which is swelled up.[4]
Greek Original:
*diecodikou/s: peri\ dialektikh=s fhsin o( *)afrodisieu\s *)ale/candros, o(/ti diafe/rei h( dialektikh\ th=s r(htorikh=s tw=| th\n dialektikh\n peri\ pa=san u(/lhn th=| duna/mei xrh=sqai kai\ mh\ diecodikou\s poiei=sqai tou\s lo/gous, a)ll' e)n e)rwth/sei te kai\ a)pokri/sei [a)po\ ga\r tou/tou kai\ o(/lon to\ o)/noma au)th=|], kai\ kaqolikwte/ras kai\ koinote/ras ta\s a)pofa/seis poiei=sqai, th\n de\ r(htorikh\n mh/te peri\ pa=san u(/lhn o(moi/an ei)=nai th=| dialektikh=| [peri\ ga\r th\n politikh\n ma=llon o( r(h/twr], kai\ diecodikw=s ge w(s e)pi\ to\ plei=ston xrh=sqai lo/gw| kai\ peri\ tw=n kaqe/kasta ma=llon le/gein pro\s perista/seis kai\ tu/xas kai\ kairou\s kai\ ta\ pro/swpa kai\ tou\s to/pous kai\ ta\ toiau=ta tou\s lo/gous sxhmati/zei, a(/per e)n toi=s kaqe/kasta/ e)sti: peri\ toiou/twn ga\r ai(/ te sumboulai\ kai\ ta\ e)gkw/mia kai\ ai( di/kai. *diecodikou\s ou)=n a)nti\ tou= platute/rous, kaqolikwte/rous. *diecw|dhko\s de\ to\ diwgkwme/non.
The headword, extracted from the body of the entry, is the accusative masculine plural of the adjective diecodiko/s.
See also delta 931 (and rho 151, end).
[1] Commentaries on the Topics of Aristotle 5.7-16.
[2] Perhaps a reference to the distinction between qe/seis or quaestiones infinitae, pertaining to philosophers and dialecticians, and u(poqe/seis or quaestiones finitae, more closely related to practical (legal or political) problems involving precise persons and situations.
[3] The urgency of "shaping" the speech according to the Aristotelian perista/seis gained more and more emphasis in later rhetoric. The topic of "fortune, times etc." was carefully developed especially in encomiastic rhetoric (see the topoi of the praise-speech by Menander the Rhetor); but after the imperial age writers stressed the importance for the orator of relying on the peculiar qualities of person and situation (parakolouqou=nta tou= prosw/pou kai\ tou= pra/gmatos, in Latin adtributa personae et negotio), for the whole argumentation to be trustworthy in the eyes of the jury. A detailed account by Aelius Theon, Progymnasmata, 78-79. See also Cicero, De inventione 1.24ff.
[4] diecw|dhko/s and the headword had become homonyms by time of the Suda, although they would not have been so in the classical period.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; philosophy; politics; rhetoric
Translated by: James Vradelis on 30 May 2005@17:48:54.
Vetted by:
Antonella Ippolito (augmented notes, set status) on 30 May 2005@22:15:46.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 31 May 2005@03:47:58.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 16 November 2005@07:45:11.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 9 July 2012@03:35:35.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 27 January 2014@03:59:50.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 28 January 2015@23:57:48.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 2 August 2016@17:33:24.


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