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Headword: *dusana/gwgos
Adler number: delta,1590
Translated headword: hard to convince
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] hard to deal with, untrusting.
Greek Original:
*dusana/gwgos: dusxerh/s, a)peiqh/s.
This meaning of the adjective dusana/gwgos seems to be confined to writers of late antiquity and the Byzantine age. See e.g. John Chrysostom, Ad eos qui scandalizati sunt 7.1, where this term occurs together with duspeiqh/s: a)ll’ e)peidh/ tine/s ei)si ph/linoi kai\ dusana/gwgoi kai\ duspeiqei\s kai\ au)to/sarkes; 'but because some are made of clay and hard to convince and disobedient and carnal'.
Prior to that it is chiefly a medical term, 'hard to bring up' (often in reference to mucus), and is frequently attested in that sense between the first century AD and the fourth, when John Chrysostom and other Church Fathers start to use it in an abstract sense.
The presence of the latter-day connotation in the Suda, however, is probably an accident -- because this entry (also in ps.-Zonaras) seems to be a variant of, or error for, an entry for a different adjective, dusa/gwgos ('hard to guide'). In Photius, Lexicon delta789, for instance, we find *dusa/gwgos: dusxerh/s, a)peiqh/s; 'hard to guide: hard to deal with, untrusting'. The same entry appears in one ms of Synagoge delta382, although the ms followed by Bachmann (202.11) and Cunningham has duspeiqh/s ('disobedient') in place of a)peiqh/s. See also Hesychius delta2507 (s.v. dusa/gwgos).
Keywords: Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; medicine; religion
Translated by: Stefano Sanfilippo on 14 March 2005@16:28:13.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 15 March 2005@05:21:57.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 16 March 2005@00:56:03.
William Hutton (Tweaked translation, modified and augmented notes, added keywords, set status) on 28 November 2007@05:02:45.
David Whitehead (another keyword; note cosmetics) on 19 July 2012@05:44:06.
David Whitehead on 16 November 2015@06:33:05.
David Whitehead (typo) on 16 November 2015@06:35:40.


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