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Headword: *dw/swn
Adler number: delta,1483
Translated headword: Doson
Vetting Status: high
A proper name.
Greek Original:
*dw/swn: o)/noma ku/rion.
More exactly a nickname, of Antigonos III, regent and king of Macedonia 229-221 BCE.
The word is conventionally regarded as the future participle of the verb di/dwmi ("I give"); Plutarch, Life of Aemilius Paulus 8.3, states that this was intended to designate him a man of promises which he failed to keep; so likewise e.g. R.M. Errington in OCD(4) 102 s.v. 'Antigonus(3)'. Since this Antigonos apparently had another epithet, Guardian (Livy 40.54.5; Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 6.251D [6.58 Kaibel]), Hammond & Walbank regard it as possible that dw/swn is a Macedonian word with that meaning (so already K.J. Beloch); and they dismiss what Plutarch says as "a poor guess, for Antigonus did hand over the kingdom to [the legitimate heir] Philip on his death."
N.G.L. Hammond & F.W. Walbank, A History of Macedonia, iii (Oxford 1988) 337.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; history
Translated by: David Whitehead on 17 August 2001@03:38:47.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead on 4 September 2002@10:15:02.
Elizabeth Vandiver (Added betacode; added italics; cosmetics) on 19 September 2003@16:56:06.
David Whitehead (typo; other cosmetics) on 21 September 2003@05:34:39.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 29 July 2011@04:21:53.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 July 2012@22:50:18.
David Whitehead on 3 August 2014@05:48:45.
David Whitehead on 14 January 2015@11:15:17.


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