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Headword: *dou=loi
Adler number: delta,1424
Translated headword: slaves
Vetting Status: high
All men [are slaves] of God by nature, but those who gladly choose his mastery [are so] by disposition.[1]
Base men[2] [are] slaves of evils, but virtuous men [are] free. There is also another [sc. type of] slavery, the one [consisting of] subjection [to another person], and a third one [consisting of] both possession [by another] and subjection [to another person]. Its opposite is despotism [or mastery], and this is base as well. But virtuous people are not only free but also kings, since kingship is a position of authority with no accountability, which only could belong to the wise.
Greek Original:
*dou=loi: pa/ntes me\n fu/sei qeou=, diaqe/sei de\ oi( tou/tou th\n despotei/an a)spasi/ws ai(rou/menoi. o(/ti dou=loi oi( fau=loi tw=n kakw=n, oi( de\ spoudai=oi e)leu/qeroi. ei)=nai de\ kai\ a)/llhn doulei/an, th\n e)n u(pota/cei, kai\ tri/thn e)n kth/sei te kai\ u(pota/cei, h(=| a)ntiti/qetai h( despotei/a, fau/lh ou)=sa kai\ au)th/. ou) mo/non de\ e)leuqe/rous ei)=nai tou\s spoudai/ous, a)lla\ kai\ basile/as: h( ga\r basilei/a a)rxh\ a)nupeu/qunos, h(/tis peri\ mo/nous a)\n tou\s sofou\s sustai/h.
See also delta 1412, delta 1413, delta 1414, delta 1415, delta 1418, delta 1419, delta 1420, delta 1421, delta 1422, delta 1423.
[1] An approximation of Theodoret, Interpretatio in Psalmos PG 80.1860.39-41 (which does, e.g., include the word 'slaves' omitted here).
[2] This supplementary part of the entry comes from Diogenes Laertius 7.122 (in the context of a Stoic doxography); cf. beta 147, epsilon 807.
Keywords: Christianity; constitution; definition; ethics; philosophy; religion
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 29 June 2004@11:59:33.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 30 June 2004@04:02:12.
Catharine Roth (modified translation, adjusted note numbers) on 30 June 2004@11:27:09.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 7 October 2005@09:40:02.
David Whitehead (source identification; more keywords; tweaking) on 17 July 2012@03:46:11.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 30 January 2015@00:48:24.
David Whitehead (note typo) on 30 January 2015@02:56:23.


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