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Headword: *dikai/arxos
Adler number: delta,1062
Translated headword: Dikaiarkhos, Dicaearchus
Vetting Status: high
Son of Pheidias, Sicilian, from the city of Messene.[1] Pupil[2] of Aristotle. Philosopher and rhetorician and geometrician. [He wrote] [3] Measurements of the Mountains in the Peloponnese[4]; Life of Hellas in 3 books.[5]
This man wrote the Constitution of the Spartans; and a law was enacted in Lakedaimon that each year the story should be read out in the archive of the Ephors and that the men of youthful age should listen. And this persisted for a long time.[6]
Greek Original:
*dikai/arxos, *feidi/ou, *sikeliw/ths, e)k po/lews *messh/nhs, *)aristote/lous a)kousth/s, filo/sofos kai\ r(h/twr kai\ gewme/trhs. *katametrh/seis tw=n e)n *peloponnh/sw| o)rw=n, *(ella/dos bi/on e)n bibli/ois g#. ou(=tos e)/graye th\n politei/an *spartiatw=n: kai\ no/mos e)te/qh e)n *lakedai/moni kaq' e(/kaston e)/tos a)naginw/skesqai to\n lo/gon ei)s to\ tw=n *)efo/rwn a)rxei=on, tou\s de\ th\n h(bhtikh\n e)/xontas h(liki/an a)kroa=sqai. kai\ tou=to e)kra/tei me/xri pollou=.
OCD(4) s.v. 'Dicaearchus' (p.447), by C.B.R. Pelling.
One of the giants of Hellenistic geography, perhaps the most immediately relevant predecessor to Eratosthenes (so Strabo, anyway).
[1] Modern Messina.
[2] Literally 'listener', 'hearer'. Dikaiarkhos' floruit is placed c.320-300 BC.
[3] Only a selection of his writings are specified here; for the full range see the bibliography cited below.
[4] Apart from Strabo, who mentions Dikaiarkhos by name about a dozen times, the main source for the mountain measuring (with reference to instruments) is Theon of Smyrna, On the Mathematical Knowledge Useful for Reading Plato, 3.3.
[5] This 'Life of Greece' was a history of world culture.
[6] Dicaearchus 2 Mirhady.
RE suppl. xi. 526-34.
Kleine Pauly, ii. 19-21.
D.C. Mirhady, "Dicaearchus of Messana: The Sources, Text and Translation," in W. Fortenbaugh and E. Schütrumpf (eds), Dicaearchus of Messana: Text, Translation, and Discussion, 2000, 1-142.
Keywords: biography; constitution; geography; history; law; mathematics; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: D. Graham J. Shipley on 18 April 2001@07:02:11.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, keywords) on 21 April 2001@23:38:32.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics; raised status) on 22 April 2001@06:11:30.
Ross Scaife ✝ (Added to notes, following an exchange with Neel Smith) on 22 April 2001@19:34:14.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 1 October 2005@16:28:16.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 18 November 2005@09:51:03.
David Mirhady (updated ref) on 2 September 2008@19:23:55.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@05:04:06.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 2 January 2015@00:56:39.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 August 2016@19:38:18.


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