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Headword: *balana/gra
Adler number: beta,61
Translated headword: bolt-hook
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] a key, [the word deriving] from hooking [a)greu/ein] the bolt [ba/lanos]. A bolt is the iron [part] for the bar, which [sc. nowadays] we call a ma/gganon ["door-pin"]. Also [sc. attested are] ba/lanoi ["bolts"], [meaning] the pins of the fastening. Also [sc. attested is the related verb] bebala/nwtai ["has been bolted"], meaning has been fastened.
Greek Original:
*balana/gra: h( klei/s, para\ to\ a)greu/ein th\n ba/lanon. ba/lanos de/ e)sti to\ ei)s to\n moxlo\n sidh/rion, o(\ kalou=men ma/gganon. kai\ ba/lanoi, ta\ ma/ggana th=s kleidw/sews. kai\ bebala/nwtai, a)nti\ tou= keklei/dwtai.
From the scholia to Aristophanes, Wasps 155, where the word "bolt" (balanos) appears. Similar material appears in other scholia, e.g. to Thucydides 2.4.3 and to Aristophanes, Birds 1159 (where bebala/nwtai occurs). The headword itself, balanagra, first appears in Herodotus (3.155).
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 14 April 2002@10:58:06.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added note and keyword) on 15 April 2002@03:08:10.
David Whitehead (more keywords; betacode and other cosmetics) on 18 May 2012@08:46:33.
David Whitehead on 15 September 2015@04:24:07.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 31 January 2016@00:49:57.


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