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Headword: *)/aqumos
Adler number: alpha,765
Translated headword: dejected, fainthearted
Vetting Status: high
Meaning despondent. Plato [in] Republic [book] 5 [sc. uses the word].[1] That is, one who is distressed.
"The soldiers, despite seeming fainthearted and with their bodies worn out in the earlier battle, took their chance and won".[2] Meaning [sc. they were] in poor morale.
Greek Original:
*)/aqumos: a)nti\ tou= a)qumh/ths. *pla/twn *politei/as e#. h)/goun o( leluphme/nos. oi( de\ stratiw=tai kai/toi a)/qumoi dokou=ntes kai\ ta\ sw/mata ponhqe/ntes e)n th=| prote/ra| ma/xh| pareba/lonto kai\ e)ni/khsan. a)nti\ tou= th\n yuxh\n kakoi/.
The first part of this entry is also in Photius (Lexicon alpha488 Theodoridis).
cf. alpha 766.
[1] Plato, Republic 1.456A (web address 1 below) -- feminine there, because referring to a woman's capacity to be a Guardian. Thus the glossing here, o( leluphme/nos, indicates that the headword itself has been quoted from somewhere else; and in fact that gloss occurs in the scholia to Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus 319, where masculine a)/qumos occurs (of Teiresias: tau 453).
[2] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) unidentifiable.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; history; military affairs; mythology; philosophy; tragedy; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 5 November 2000@21:25:16.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added note and keyword; cosmetics) on 6 November 2000@05:13:40.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks) on 23 February 2011@06:16:55.
David Whitehead on 27 February 2011@04:48:17.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 22 January 2012@06:08:23.
Catharine Roth (fixed link) on 25 January 2012@01:22:13.
David Whitehead on 19 August 2013@07:14:07.
David Whitehead (augmented n.1; more keywords) on 3 May 2015@04:04:00.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 3 May 2015@23:14:47.


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