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Headword: *(armostai/
Adler number: alpha,3979
Translated headword: harmosts
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] those appointed from a king/emperor to peoples.[1]
"The Faliscans paid heed to none of the natives as harmost, suspecting them all."[2]
Harmosts then were those sent out by [the] Lakedaimonians to rule their subject cities.[3]
Greek Original:
*(armostai/: oi( a)po\ basile/ws stello/menoi ei)s e)/qnh. oi( de\ *fali/skoi ou)deni\ prosei=xon tw=n e)pixwri/wn a(rmosth=| pa/ntas u(forw/menoi. *(armostai\ ou)=n oi( u(po\ *lakedaimoni/wn ei)s ta\s u(phko/ous po/leis a)/rxontes e)kpempo/menoi.
[1] This rather lame gloss occurs only here and in the parallel entry in ps.-Zonaras.
[2] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) unidentifiable -- but for the Faliscans [phi 52] of central Italy, under Roman control by the mid C3 BCE, cf. sigma 988 and see generally OCD(4) s.v. (p.566).
[3] Abridged from Harpokration s.v., who cites Eratosthenes (FGrH 241 F24) and Demosthenes (18.96); cf. epsilon 2584. It was the Lakedaimonians (Spartans) of the late C5 BCE, as far as is known, who coined the word (which literally means "fixer"). See generally OCD(4) s.v. (pp.645-6).
Keywords: constitution; definition; historiography; history; military affairs; politics; rhetoric
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 10 August 2001@20:34:10.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes; cosmetics) on 12 August 2001@06:04:21.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks) on 4 March 2011@06:04:14.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 30 June 2011@09:29:20.
David Whitehead on 21 March 2014@04:19:10.
David Whitehead (updated OCD refs) on 31 July 2014@03:48:37.
David Whitehead on 31 August 2015@07:18:57.


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