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Headword: *)ali/feira
Adler number: alpha,1263
Translated headword: Alipheira, Aliphira
Vetting Status: high
Name of a city.[1]
Also [sc. attested is] 'Alipheireus', name of a river.[2]
Greek Original:
*)ali/feira: o)/noma po/lews. kai\ *)alifeireu/s, o)/noma potamou=.
[1] Alipheira was a city in the western Peloponnese; its site was, specifically, 9-10 km. south of the city of Heraea (Heraia) in western Arcadia (Barrington Atlas map 58 grid B2; see e.g. Polybius 4.77-78, web address 1). Together with several other cities in the region (cf. Pausanias 8.27.4, web address 2), Alipheira belonged to the Kynourian tribal state (T.H. Nielsen in Hansen & Nielsen 509-510 #266; cf. Walbank 531). A more prominent Kynourian district lay on the eastern coast of the Peloponnesus (Barrington Atlas map 58 grid D3; modern-day North and South Kynouria, Arcadia, Greece), in the often-contested region (cf. Pausanias 3.2.2-3, web address 3) between the Argolid (the region surrounding Argos [Myth, Place], cf. alpha 3766) to the north and Lakedaimonia (the region around Sparta, cf. lambda 49) to the south.
[2] One would have expected the lexicographer to define 'Alipheireus' as the demotikon of a citizen of Alipheira -- which would indeed have been true. The river which (according to this entry) bore a name cognate with it was more commonly called the Alpheus (for which see alpha 1448, alpha 1449).
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius vol.1 (Oxford 1957 and reprints)
M.H. Hansen & T.H. Nielsen, An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis (Oxford 2004)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: definition; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 11 May 2000@21:25:32.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note; cosmetics) on 9 October 2000@09:25:52.
David Whitehead (augmented note; added keyword; cosmetics) on 31 January 2001@07:36:35.
David Whitehead (augmented note and keywords; cosmetics) on 30 June 2008@05:59:35.
David Whitehead on 2 August 2011@04:35:51.
David Whitehead (further expansion of notes, with bibliography) on 5 June 2015@12:21:50.
Ronald Allen (added map reference) on 6 June 2018@00:16:49.
Ronald Allen (cosmeticule in bibliography, rearranged and supplemented n.1, added links, incorporated helpful comments by SOL Senior Editor David Whitehead (geographical) and SOL Managing Editor William Hutton (historical)) on 6 June 2018@23:49:44.
Ronald Allen (rewrote n.1 following further discussion with DW and WH, added keywords) on 10 June 2018@00:06:45.
Ronald Allen (cosmeticule n.1) on 8 September 2018@14:21:28.


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