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Headword: *zwi/+los
Adler number: zeta,130
Translated headword: Zoilos, Zoilus
Vetting Status: high
Of Amphipolis. (Amphipolis is a city of Macedonia, which was originally called Ennea Hodoi.[1]) He was nicknamed 'Scourge of Homer' [Homeromastix], because he made fun of Homer -- for which reason the people in Olympia chased him and threw him down off the Scironian rocks.[2] He was a rhetor and philosopher, but he also wrote a number of grammatical works: Against the Poetry of Homer, 9 speeches; a History from the birth of the gods to the death of Philip [sc. of Macedon], 3 books; On Amphipolis; Against the rhetor Isocrates; and very many other works, including an invective against Homer.
Greek Original:
*zwi/+los, *)amfipoli/ths [po/lis d' e)sti\ *makedoni/as *)amfi/polis, h(/tis prw/hn e)kalei=to *)enne/a o(doi/], o(\s e)peklh/qh *(omhroma/stic, o(/ti e)pe/skwpten *(/omhron. dio\ au)to\n diw/cantes oi( e)n th=| *)olumpi/a| kata\ tw=n *skirwni/dwn petrw=n e)/rriyan. r(h/twr de\ h)=n kai\ filo/sofos. e)/graye me/ntoi tina\ kai\ grammatika/: *kata\ th=s *(omh/rou poih/sews lo/gous q#, *(istori/an a)po\ qeogoni/as e(/ws th=s *fili/ppou teleuth=s bibli/a g#, *peri\ *)amfipo/lews, kai\ *kata\ *)isokra/tous tou= r(h/toros, kai\ a)/lla plei=sta, e)n oi(=s kai\ yo/gos *(omh/rou.
C4 BC. See generally RE Suppl. 13, Zoilos(14); OCD4 Zoilus; FGrH 71.
[1] See alpha 1754.
[2] There may be textual corruption here. The Scironian rocks lay between Megara and Corinth (Strabo 9.1.4, etc.) and thus nowhere near Olympia. Cf. sigma 568.
Keywords: biography; chronology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; geography; historiography; history; mythology; philosophy; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 16 February 2001@11:41:33.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes and keyword; cosmetics) on 28 May 2001@09:26:07.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 30 November 2012@06:35:31.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 2 August 2014@10:46:34.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference) on 28 February 2022@15:12:35.


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