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Headword: *(/upar
Adler number: upsilon,155
Translated headword: waking vision
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] truth, not [sc. experienced] in a dream.[1]
A daydream.[2]
Of the kind [sc. manifesting itself] openly, truly existing.
“'You narrate to me my dream'; I seem to be relating your vision”.[3]
A daydream is called waking vision; because [it is something] manifestly existing [u(pa/rxon], true. [The word is formed] by cutting off the last syllable, the -xon.[4]
Greek Original:
*(/upar: a)lh/qeia, ou)k e)n o)nei/rw|. to\ meq' h(me/ran o)/nar. oi(=on fanerw=s, a)lhqw=s u(pa/rxon. e)moi\ dihgou= su\ tou)mo\n o)/nar: e)gw\ d' e)/oika to\ so\n u(/par a)fhgei=sqai. *(/upar le/gei to\ meq' h(me/ran o)/nar: w(s e)nargw=s u(pa/rxon, a)lhqe/s. kata\ a)pokoph\n th=s teleutai/as sullabh=s th=s xon.
See also upsilon 156.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica; references at Photius upsilon75, where however Theodoridis obelizes the transmitted a)lh/qeia, i.e. nominative case, and endorses the dative a)lhqei/a| (in one of the mss of Cyril).
[2] Similarly in other lexica, including Apollonius' Homeric Lexicon, cf. the scholia to Homer, Odyssey 19.547.
[3] Julian, Epistles 108 (claiming the first clause as proverbial).
[4] Doubtful etymology: see Hofmann s.v., according to whom the word might be formed out of analogy with the word o)/nar. Chantraine, however, supports the view of Frisk that this was an old noun with an r-stem, related to u(/pnos "sleep."
Chantraine, P., Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue grecque, ed. 2. Paris 2009.
Hofmann, J.B., Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Griechischen, München 1950
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; dreams; epic; proverbs; rhetoric
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 27 July 2009@12:09:07.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 28 July 2009@04:42:37.
David Whitehead (another note and keyword) on 20 November 2013@08:28:06.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 25 April 2015@22:26:30.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 15 November 2022@01:15:43.


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