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Headword: *qwruki/wn
Adler number: theta,444
Translated headword: Thorykion
Vetting Status: high
This man was a taxiarch of the Athenians[1] in the Peloponnesian [wars]; he sent pitch to the enemies so that they could set fire to their own[2] city; hence, once he had been discovered [doing this], he was lampooned in comedy for treason. But others [say] that [the speaker is referring to one who is] imitating the Thorykion who was an Aiginetan taxiarch, a traitor, who sent oar-liners and sails and pitch to Epidauros, or provided money for the ships of the enemy.[3]
Greek Original:
*qwruki/wn: ou(=tos taci/arxos h)=n e)n toi=s *peloponnhsiakoi=s tw=n *)aqhnai/wn: o(\s pi/ssan e)/pemye toi=s a)ntipa/lois ei)s to\ a)na/yai th\n e(autw=n po/lin: o(/qen gnwsqei\s e)kwmw|dei=to e)pi\ prodosi/a|. oi( de/, o(/ti a)nti\ to\n *qwraki/w mimou/menos, o(\s h)=n *ai)ginh/ths taci/arxos, prodo/ths, a)skw/mata kai\ li/na kai\ pi/ttan pe/mpwn ei)s *)epi/dauron, h)\ xrh/mata tai=s tw=n a)ntipa/lwn nausi\ pare/xwn.
From a scholion to Aristophanes, Frogs 362 (web address 1 below). See also alpha 4183, theta 583.
[1] Commander of one of the ten tribal regiments (tau 92, tau 93).
[2] So the Suda mss, with e(autw=n wrongly for the scholion's e(autou= ('his own').
[3] Prosopographical orthodoxy accepts the first of these alternatives. So e.g. PA 7419; J.K. Davies, Wealth and the Power of Wealth in Classical Athens (New York 1981) 151; R. Develin, Athenian Officials 684-321 BC (Cambridge 1989) p.188; LGPN ii s.v. no.2.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; chronology; comedy; economics; ethics; geography; history; military affairs; science and technology
Translated by: William Hutton on 15 June 2001@16:47:51.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 16 June 2001@09:24:12.
David Whitehead (more x-refs and keywords; cosmetics) on 4 December 2005@09:44:54.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 1 August 2011@04:09:16.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; tweaking) on 6 January 2013@05:03:30.


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