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Headword: Θετταλῶν σόφισμα
Adler number: theta,291
Translated headword: Thessalians' trick
Vetting Status: high
They apply [sc. this proverbial phrase] to a battle and to a pretence and to a deception and to countless other things, for the following reason. When Aratios[1] was returning, the god warned him to beware, in case those consulting the oracle from an opposing standpoint gained an advantage over him by making a larger and more splendid vow. So he vowed that he would sacrifice a hundred men to Apollo. But when he had achieved what he wanted, he kept on postponing the sacrifice as being religiously unsuitable.[2]
The Thessalians are accused of being slave-dealers and faithless men.[3]
Greek Original:
Θετταλῶν σόφισμα: καὶ ἐπὶ μάχης καὶ ἐπὶ σχήματος καὶ ἐπὶ παρακρούσεως καὶ ἄλλων μυρίων τάσσουσιν ἀπὸ αἰτίας τοιαύτης. Ἀρατίῳ γὰρ κατιόντι ὁ θεὸς ἔφη φυλάξασθαι, μὴ λάθωσιν αὐτὸν οἱ ἐξ ἐναντίας εὐχῇ μείζονι καὶ λαμπροτέρᾳ κατ' αὐτοῦ χρησάμενοι. ὁ δὲ ἑκατόμβην ἀνδρῶν εὔξατο θύσειν τῷ Ἀπόλλωνι. κατορθώσας δὲ ἃ ἐβούλετο, τὴν θυσίαν διὰ τὸ μὴ ἱεροπρεπῆ εἶναι ἀεὶ ἀνεβάλλετο. ὅτι διαβάλλονται οἱ Θετταλοὶ ὡς ἀνδραποδισταὶ καὶ ἄπιστοι.
Photius, Lexicon theta147, and cf. Appendix Proverbiorum 3.20 and 4.93 (and other paroemiographers).
[1] The name is not securely transmitted; perhaps Aiatios or Aratos.
[2] C. Theodoridis in his Photius edition (vol.II p.LXVII) points out that ἀεί in this closing phrase is an addition by the Suda, guaranteed by the same one in Eustathius.
[3] cf. alpha 2154.
Keywords: aetiology; comedy; daily life; ethics; geography; military affairs; proverbs; religion
Translated by: David Whitehead on 18 January 2007@06:58:28.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 19 January 2007@18:28:51.
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 20 January 2007@03:51:24.
David Whitehead (another note) on 18 October 2011@09:55:59.
David Whitehead on 2 January 2013@05:11:46.
David Whitehead on 3 September 2013@05:14:00.
David Whitehead on 28 April 2016@03:50:08.


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