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Headword: *qewrika/
Adler number: theta,219
Translated headword: theoric payments
Vetting Status: high
They were certain monies [held] in common, collected from the revenues of the city; they were previously kept safe for the needs of war and were called generals-payments[1], but later they were paid into public projects and distributions to the citizens. The previously-agreed rate was a drachma per spectacle, which gave rise to its name, spectacle-payments.[2] But Philinus maintains that this was the reason they were called theorika: because, when the Dionysia [festival] was imminent, Eubulus distributed [them] for the sacrifice, so that everyone could celebrate the festival and nobody would be excluded through lack of spending-money.[3] But elsewhere what was given for the spectacles and the sacrifices and the festivals was differently defined. It was not permitted for those abroad to draw a theoric-payment. There was also a certain office connected with the theoric-payment, as Aeschines shows in the [speech] Against Ktesiphon.[4]
Greek Original:
*qewrika/: xrh/mata/ tina h)=n e)n koinw=| a)po\ tw=n th=s po/lews proso/dwn sunago/mena, a(\ pro/teron me\n ei)s ta\s tou= pole/mou xrei/as e)fula/tteto kai\ e)kalei=to strathgika/, u(/steron de\ kateti/qeto ei)s ta\s dhmosi/as kataskeua\s kai\ dianoma\s tw=n politw=n. h)=n de\ to\ me\n pro/teron nomisqe\n draxmh\ th=s qe/as, o(/qen kai\ qewrika\ e)klh/qh. *fili=nos de/ fhsin o(/ti dia\ tou=to e)klh/qh qewrika/, dio/ti tw=n *dionusi/wn u(pogu/wn o)/ntwn, die/neimen *eu)/boulos ei)s th\n qusi/an, i(/na pa/ntes e(orta/zwsi, kai\ mhdei\s a)polei/phtai di' e)/ndeian a)nalwma/twn. a)/llote de\ a)/llws w(ri/zeto to\ dido/menon ei)/s te ta\s qe/as kai\ ta\s qusi/as kai\ ta\s e(orta/s. ou)k e)ch=n de\ toi=s a)podhmou=si qewriko\n lamba/nein. h)=n de\ kai\ a)rxh/ tis e)pi\ tou= qewrikou=, w(s *ai)sxi/nhs e)n tw=| kata\ *kthsifw=ntos dhloi=.
Abridged from Harpokration s.v., commenting on Demosthenes 14.36. See also theta 218 and theta 220; and generally OCD(4) s.v. theorika.
[1] strathgika/; "soldiers-payments" (stratiwtika/), more authentically, in Harpok.
[2] In Greek qewrika/, from qea/. Harpok. took this material from Philochorus (FGrH 328 F33).
[3] Philinus fr. 3 Sauppe. For Eubulus see generally epsilon 3385.
[4] Aeschines 3.24.
Keywords: biography; constitution; daily life; definition; economics; historiography; history; law; military affairs; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 27 November 2000@04:55:29.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 12 August 2003@01:40:54.
David Whitehead (added note, x-ref, keywords) on 12 August 2003@03:41:23.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 7 October 2005@09:46:53.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 4 December 2005@06:59:07.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 10 July 2011@07:34:51.
David Whitehead on 1 January 2013@06:39:32.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 27 July 2013@00:21:32.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@07:02:34.
David Whitehead on 28 April 2016@03:22:51.


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