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Headword: Θεωρικά
Adler number: theta,218
Translated headword: theoric payments
Vetting Status: high
In the so-called festivals of Dionysus, heated struggles broke out, and citizens contended to the point of physical violence and injury. The demos decided that the spectacles should no longer be free and rent should be charged for seats. The poor were put at a disadvantage because the higher price was an easy matter for the wealthy. Athenians voted that the price be set at only a drachma, calling it the 'theoric drachma'; and they used to say that the man in charge of this conducts the theoric office. From this the other monies that Athenians received are called theoric.[1]
Greek Original:
Θεωρικά: ἐν ταῖς λεγομέναις Διονυσίαις θεωρίαις ἀγώνων τελουμένων φιλοτίμων συνέβαινέ τινας τῶν πολιτῶν εἰς ὕβρεις καὶ τραύματα διαφέρεσθαι. ἔδοξεν οὖν τῷ δήμῳ μηκέτι προῖκα θεωρεῖν, ἐκμισθοῦν δὲ ταῖς θέαις τοὺς τόπους. πλεονεκτουμένων δὲ τῶν πενήτων διὰ τὸ ῥᾳδίως τοῖς πλουσίοις πλείονος τιμῆς τοῦτο γίνεσθαι, ἐψηφίσαντο ἐπὶ δραχμῇ καὶ μόνον εἶναι τὸ τίμημα, θεωρικὸν αὐτῇ θέντες ὄνομα: καὶ τὸν ἐπὶ τούτῳ ἐφεστηκότα θεωρικὴν ἀρχὴν ἔλεγον ἄρχειν. ἀπὸ τούτου δὲ καὶ τὰ λοιπά, ὅσα Ἀθηναῖοι ἐλάμβανον, θεωρικὰ εἴρηται.
Also in Photius (Lexicon theta150 Theodoridis); from scholia to Demosthenes 18.113 (where Demosthenes recalls the time [337/6] when he administered this fund). See also theta 219, theta 220.
[1] cf. Plutarch, Pericles 9.2-3; Ulpian on Demosthenes 1.20 (p. 33 Dindorf); the scholia to Lucian, Timon 49; Pickard-Cambridge et al. [below] 265-267; Schwahn, RE s.v. theorikon, 2233-2237.
Arthur Pickard-Cambridge, The Dramatic Festivals of Athens (second edition, revised by John Gould and David Lewis). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968
Keywords: art history; biography; comedy; economics; history; poetry; politics; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Wm. Blake Tyrrell on 18 March 2007@21:59:17.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, keyword) on 19 March 2007@00:20:30.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 19 March 2007@04:25:51.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 1 January 2013@06:38:20.
David Whitehead (coding) on 28 April 2016@03:21:48.


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