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Headword: Θεόφραστος
Adler number: theta,199
Translated headword: Theophrastus, Theophrastos
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Son of Melantas, a fuller,[1] though some [say] of Leon; from Eresos;[2] a pupil of Aristotle and successor [as head] of the school in the Peripatos left behind by him when he migrated to Chalcis. This man was earlier called Tyrtamus; but on account of the divine character of his speech [τὸ θείως φράζειν ] he was called Euphrastus by Aristotle, and then Theophrastus;[3] just as Plato was named on account of the breadth [platos] of his discussions, being called Aristocles earlier.[4] [Theophrastus] had more than 2,000 students, and had as his beloved the son of Aristotle the philosopher, Nicomachus.[5] He was honored at the court of Cassander, the son of Antipater, and he died after becoming worn out from continual writing and then letting up for a few days on account of a student's marriage. His books are very numerous, among which are these also: Prior Analytics, three books; Posterior Analytics, 7 ; Analysis of Syllogisms; Epitome of [the] Analytics; Of Reduced Topics; On Stones; On Plants; On Metals; On Odors; and others.
Greek Original:
Θεόφραστος, Μελάντα γναφέως, οἱ δὲ Λέοντος: ἀπὸ Ἐρεσσοῦ, ἀκουστὴς Ἀριστοτέλους καὶ διάδοχος τῆς σχολῆς τῆς ἐν τῷ περιπάτῳ ὑπ' αὐτοῦ καταλειφθείσης εἰς Χαλκίδα ἐκδημήσαντος. οὗτος πρότερον ἐκαλεῖτο Τύρταμος: διὰ δὲ τὸ θείως φράζειν ὑπ' Ἀριστοτέλους ἐκλήθη Εὔφραστος, εἶτα Θεόφραστος: ὥσπερ Πλάτων διὰ τὸ ἐν τοῖς λόγοις πλάτος τοῦτο ἐπωνομάσθη, πρότερον καλούμενος Ἀριστοκλῆς. μαθητὰς δὲ ἔσχε πλεῖον ἢ #22β#, ἐρώμενον δὲ τὸν Ἀριστοτέλους υἱὸν τοῦ φιλοσόφου Νικόμαχον. ἐτιμήθη δὲ παρὰ Κασσάνδρῳ τῷ Ἀντιπάτρου, καὶ τελευτᾷ κατάπονος ὑπὸ τοῦ ἀεὶ γράφειν γενόμενος, εἶτα ἐνδοὺς ἐπὶ βραχείας ἡμέρας διὰ μαθητοῦ γάμους. βιβλία δὲ αὐτοῦ πάμπλειστα, ὧν καὶ ταῦτα: Ἀναλυτικῶν προτέρων τρία, Ἀναλυτικῶν ὑστέρων ζ#, Ἀναλύσεως συλλογισμῶν, Ἀναλυτικῶν ἐπιτομήν, Ἀνηγμένων τόπων, Περὶ λίθων, Περὶ φυτῶν, Περὶ μετάλλων, Περὶ ὀδμῶν: καὶ ἄλλα.
Notes:
c.371-c.287. Theophrastus 2 FHS&G; OCD(4) s.v. See also theta 200. The material of the present entry comes largely from Diogenes Laertius 5.36-38, 42, 44-46.
[1] cf. Diogenes Laertius 5.36.
[2] In Asia Minor; here spelled Eressos.
[3] cf. Stephanus of Byzantium s.v. Eresos.
[4] This was indeed the ancient tradition about Plato, but it is untrue. See e.g. J.K. Davies, Athenian Propertied Families 600-300 BC (Oxford 1971) 333.
[5] cf. nu 398.
Keywords: biography; botany; chronology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; geography; philosophy; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: David Mirhady on 4 January 2000@15:03:36.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and bibliography; added keywords; cosmetics) on 28 March 2001@03:27:32.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 12 August 2003@01:38:02.
David Whitehead (added x-ref; cosmetics) on 12 August 2003@03:34:30.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking; raised status) on 1 January 2013@05:47:00.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 5 August 2014@06:59:26.
Catharine Roth (more keywords) on 4 November 2018@01:49:01.

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